1) The most common medical practitioners of Medieval Europe.
Formerly, barbers also practised dentistry and surgery, certainly until the reign of Henry VIII when they were restricted to their own trade and dentistry. In 1692, Abraham Crabtree of Bowling, Barber surgeon found there was a hole made in the right cheeke of John Hodgson ... a hard lump within the flesh ... cannot beleave it to bee anything but a bullet . In the records though they are usually just described as barbers, in English or Latin: 1300 Rogerus le barber, York
1476 de Willelmo Bacon, barbour, York
1481 John Foster, barbitonsor, York.