1) A loose upper garment of coarse material, a mantle worn by either sex.
1528 To the said Edmunde ... my galbadyne, Hornsea Beck
1535 To John Dowson my kynseman my gawberdyne, Thirsk
1546 I giue ... to William Knolles my best galberdyne, Wakefield
1556 I bequeath to Alice Hartley my gaberdyn, Wakefield
1573 To the wife of William my son my reade cap, my garberdyne, Crosthwaite. The etymology is uncertain, although it is said to derive from an Old French word that may ultimately be of Germanic origin, meaning pilgrimage. It is worth noting that a ‘pelerine’ was also a mantle. The use of the word for a specialist waterproof material, often spelt ‘gabardine’, dates only from the early 1900s.