1) A loose upper garment of coarse material, a mantle worn by either sex.

1528 To the said Edmunde ... my galbadyne, Hornsea Beck

1535 To John Dowson my kynseman my gawberdyne, Thirsk

1546 I giue ... to William Knolles my best galberdyne, Wakefield

1556 I bequeath to Alice Hartley my gaberdyn, Wakefield

1573 To the wife of William my son my reade cap, my garberdyne, Crosthwaite. The etymology is uncertain, although it is said to derive from an Old French word that may ultimately be of Germanic origin, meaning pilgrimage. It is worth noting that a ‘pelerine’ was also a mantle. The use of the word for a specialist waterproof material, often spelt ‘gabardine’, dates only from the early 1900s.

dates 1528 1535 1546 1556 1573

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