gale

1) A narrow lane, particularly common in York in the centuries immediately after the Conquest, especially as a street-name suffix.

1353 ‘the lane called Noutegale’, York

1387 ‘the highway called Dousgayle on the south’, Acaster Malbis

1529 ij tenementes lyeng in Jubergate and Feisgaill, York

1661 ‘abuts upon the gaile lane’, Acomb. It was replaced by 'gate' and 'lane' as it fell out of use and had virtually disappeared in the city by 1600: 1585 Feesgale als Feesgate, York. It is difficult to judge how long it survived as a vobaculary item but some of the names appear to have been coined well after the Conquest: James de Ispania became Master of St Leonard’s Hospital in 1288 and may have given his name to ‘a lane called Ispyngayll’, recorded in 1327.

dates 1288 1353 1387 1529 1585 1661

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2) The bog myrtle.

Leland commented on its frequency in the Isle of Axholme and it was formerly common also in the Thorne and Hatfield Levels: 1529 for risshis, birk, and gales strewed in the chappell, York

1687 required candles, which being refused then they immediately lighted gale, carrying it in their hands, up and down the house and under the beds, Hatfield.

places York Hatfield
dates 1529 1687

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Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0