1) Close to, very near to.
1569 dyed on Linlaye Moore ... and was founde on the morrow after his horse standynge by hym even harde by hym, Almondbury
1623 neare the said swey powles or hard by the same, Colne Bridge
1651 was goeing ... to Farburne hard by Brotherton. Note the use of 'hard' meaning ‘immediately': 1642 if another Ewe have lammed hard before her, Elmswell.