1) A swing-gate which was formerly put in place as a barrier to animals, set up between land under cultivation and the common or waste, or between two properties.
1297-8 ‘10˝ acres in le Roberdriding ... by le Lideyhat’ Stockeld
1374 ‘had made 2 lideyates at the ends of the lane between Cliffehouses and Horlawegrenehouses, to the hurt of the people’, Scammonden
1397-8 viijd solutis ad reparacionem unius Lidyhate pro ij domibus domini in Snayth
1459 ‘that he cause the common way ... to be repaired by making a Lidyaite’, Methley
1545 ‘that he shall make a ladder called a steile between the Lidyaite & the wall’, Methley. It became the generic in some minor place-names: 1514 Kirkelidyate, Holme
1584 the towne Lidyate on the east, Holme. References from the seventeenth century suggest that by then the meaning of the place-name was no longer transparent: 1623 that John Wood ... sufficiently make the Lidgyate yate before Maydaye next, Lepton
1630 That those persons to whom one yate called Lidgetyate doth belong shall keep the same up and in good repair ... upon paine of 3s 4d, Clayton. The usual pronunciation approximates to ‘lidjett’ and an extract from a late fifteenth-century boundary description highlights the problems this can give the modern reader: so foloyn the raw to stawpe loyn lydche and so leffyn the same legchhett on the leffyd hand, Bolton by Bowland. The by-name occurs regularly from the thirteenth century: 1297 Robertus Attheliddegate, South Elmsall
1332 William atte Lyddyate, Holme.