1) Meanings suggested in the OED include: a miner’s pick, part of the lathe on which objects were turned, a cylindrical rod or axis round which metal was forged, cast, moulded, or shaped.

However, the evidence dates only from 1516 and earlier Yorkshire examples from the wills of founders point clearly to a connection with the lathe: 1493 To William Richardson the lathe that he tornys in, and all my hukes and my mawndrellis, York. The reference in the OED which is given in support of the meaning ‘miner’s pick’ is also from a founder’s inventory: 1516 Item xlvj manderelles ijs viijd. A grindstone & cruks xd, York.

places York
dates 1493 1516

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