1) An agricultural tool something like a pick-axe, used for breaking up hard or stony ground.

It is not a frequent word in Yorkshire sources but Salzman noted that in 1425 gavelockes, mattokes and wegges were supplied for work in a Scarborough quarry and for taking downe of the Constable Toure there. It may also have been used by pickmen at the coal-face: 1616 Peter Pigg of Cowsterdale, collier, for stealing three mattocks, value 8d, belonging to Chr. Danby, Esq..

dates 1425 1616

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