1) The ‘rise’ is the upward direction of a vein or bed of coal, contrasted with the ‘dip’.

The advantage of this to miners is noted in some documents: 1819 if the coal rises in the field it is better for that and worth more, Birstall. The ‘rise-end’ may have been a gallery driven on the rise parallel to the cleavage of the coal. Examples have been noted in Halifax and Leeds: 1704 Jo. Harrison paid Adam in parte of 9 yards Rise end

1718 Robert end or Rise end, Farnley

1765 taking up stone in the rise end, Tong. The ‘upper end’ mentioned in some pit accounts may have the same meaning.

spellings rise-end rise-side
places Tong Birstall
dates 1704 1765 1819

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