1) A common field-name, probably derived from 'shovel broad' so referring originally to a narrow strip of land.

A common field-name, said by John Field to be ‘found all over England’. In south Yorkshire and neighbouring counties it is on record from the twelfth century at least, and examples were noted by Smith. There has been some speculation about the precise meaning but it is considered to derive from ‘shovel broad’ and to have referred originally to a narrow strip of land. Among early references are: c.1312 et una particata jacet super Schouelbrode

1346 una perticata jacet in le Shovelbrodes, Pudsey. An undated thirteenth-century document has: Scouelbrayd ... Schouelbrad, Spofforth. It is included here partly because the development of the spelling shovel-board for the game of shove-board has been described as ‘an unexplained alteration’.

places Spofforth Pudsey
dates 1200-1299 1312 1346

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