1) An implement used for ‘teasing’ or working wool into a sliver.

In this sense the word ‘card’ derives ultimately from the Latin word for thistle, and the cards used originally in the dressing proces were teasel heads set in a wooden frame. Later the hand-cards were used in pairs and were effectively wire brushes: they have been described as having sharpened and bent iron staples set in a piece of leather, mounted on a wooden back with a handle. The term is on record from the fourteenth century: 1382 cardes and kammes [combs], Yeadon

1410 De xijd de iij paribus del cardes, York

1454 a spynyngwhele, a peyre of cardes, Nottingham

1535 Item ij payer wollcardes xxd

Item a payer woll combes ijs, Stillingfleet

1579 a pair of wolle cardes, South Cave

1622 a paire of ould cardes, Cottingley. The change in the way that cards were made stimulated the wire-drawing industry: 1552 To John Danyell ... one stone of carde wyer, Garforth. In 1681, a Brighouse man was charged with buying foreign wire for making of wooll cards.

dates 1382 1410 1454 1535 1552 1579 1622 1681

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2) Evidently a fabric that was suitable for curtains or as a lining.

1392 j togam lineatam cum card’, York

1421 j lectus de viridi say cum iij cortyns de carde, York

1430 j gounam de viridi liniatam cum carde, York

1454 a hunge bed of blew card, Bossall.

places York Bossall
dates 1392 1421 1430 1454

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Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0