1) The occupational term occurs in cloth-making towns and cities from the fourteenth century, sometimes as a by-name.
1361 Thomas Cardmaker, York
1464 John Both, York, cardmaker
1547-8 William Hernynge of Wakefelde, Cardmaker. By the 1500s, and possibly much earlier, the teasel heads were in some places replaced by wire, after which cardmakers are noted alongside wiredrawers in iron-working districts: 1656 John Bromehead of Morehall cardmaker, Sheffield
1659 Thomas Bowser of Mosbrough, cardmaker.