1) The fuel used in smelting lead.

When wood had the bark taken off and was dried it became more efficient.1658 Payd … for choping and drying wood for smelting … for getting … chopwood into the kill, Grassington

1709 they keep a gang of horses to carry timber for the mines, to bring oares [ore] and chopwood to the mill, Buckden

1763 granteth them Leive to pill & Chop the Bark, Esholt. An article by Arthur Raistrick has useful information on the process, and further examples of the use of chopwood and chop-kiln. See R&J81-2.

dates 1658 1709 1763

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