peel

1) Historians now use this word for the fortified houses and towers in the border regions of England and Scotland. Originally, the ‘peel’ was a stake or palisade but then a building within the palisade and by the fourteenth century a small castle (OED).

Its use as a place-name element reflects that semantic history, for the site of Bolton Peel seems to link it with the enclosure now known as Hague, formerly Le Haie de Boulton

n.d. the hede of pele owteloyn

1577 Henry Peele, the Pele, Bolton nighe Bollande. Hellifield Peel is first mentioned in 1537 and later spellings include: 1551 Hallyfeld Pile. Peel Hill in Thorne was le Pele in 1483 and was said c.1760 to be a corruption of Pile Hill.

dates 1483 1537 1551 1577 1760

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2) A shovel-like implement used principally by bakers to place loaves into the oven.

1532 also the broken breid of the latter oven broken with the peele, Rascall

1597 In the kitchin ... a boarde a tubb a swill a peile, South Cave

1622 Item, iron peale, 2 shoules, Cottingley

1671 one iron range & one iron pelle, 3s, Thorpe Willoughby. Compound terms could be more specific: 1674 Two py peales, Doncaster

1675 One pasty peall, Bretton. Mostly made of iron, but not always: 1612 The Buttrie ... j wodd peele, Brandsby. It was also a name for a kind of fire shovel: 1664 for braggs nayls spade bars & peel for the smelters, Ripon.

dates 1532 1597 1612 1622 1664 1671 1674 1675

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Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0