1) The verb meant to make level or smooth and it occurs in the inventories of goldsmiths, in contexts which suggest that metal was flattened on a small anvil by blows from a special hammer.

1374 unum planyssch stythy, York

1458 j planysshing stithy et j planysshing hamer, York

1490 De v lez planeshyng hamers xijd, York. The term remained in use and can be found in cutlery records: 1766 all that newly erected mill now used for planishing, Sheffield.

places York Sheffield
dates 1374 1458 1490 1766

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