1) A spade, shod in the form of an arrow. The workman pushed the implement through the sods to pare them.

Noted as a verb: 1816 April 2d pd for push plowing 2a 1r 8p - Ł3 18 0, South Crosland. The noun push-plow occurred in Staffordshire in 1686 and was described as a sort of spade, shod in the form of an arrow: the term breast-plough dates from the same period. The workman’s breast applied the force and the implement was used in paring the top sods.

dates 1816

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