1) The wooden piles used in dams, river defences and bridge foundations were often provided with an iron shoe at the pointed end.

1675 shoeing the Piles with Iron, Ilkley Bridge

1682 three Smithes for hoopes and shoos for piles, Bolton Bridge. The practice had a much longer history: 1322 Et in iiij peciis ferri pro pilis inde ferrandis, Leeds.

places Leeds Ilkley
dates 1322 1675

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Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0