1) The ashes of ferns and certain kinds of wood were used to form a lye in soap-making.
1587 payd for the stubbing ... 20 loods of soope ashe, Woodsome
1644 manure and sope ashes, Lepton
1791 1000 acres are Rocks where the Poor burn Fearne and raise Ł120 by the Ashes, Stannington. In a case at the Quarter Sessions in 1715, two men from Yeadon said they were partners and did Joyn in Burning Bracken to Ashes for the soape makers.