1) A kind of tub or barrel.

1412 Et de j standa de empcione, Selby

1567 fowre fattes, fyve standes with theire coveres, Fixby

1644 tubbes, barelles and standes, Lepton

1671 found a stand which had within it eleaven peeces of mutton, Rathmell.

dates 1412 1567 1644 1671

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2) When a pit, mill or factory was not working it was said to ‘stand’.

1695 the pitts stood from the time that John Smith went away, Farnley. The Kayes of Woodsome operated a coal-mine in Honley for which a rental survives from 1651, but after 1677 most entries simply say the coal pitt stands: a variation in 1685 which confirms the meaning of this phrase is the coal mine not now wrought. In 1720, a Staveley ironworks journal noted that Robert Thompson had died and that the cutler wheel stood. In Colsterdale it was decided in 1721 to let all Dead workes there stand and at Elsecar payment was made in 1769 for nine pulls of soft coals burnt in the cabin when the pit was standing. The term has remained in common use.

dates 1677 1695 1720 1721 1769

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3) ‘Standard’ was a word used in connection with wood management, especially in the phrase ‘coppicing with standards’, where the standards were the trees that the woodcutters left standing when the coppice had been felled: they were destined to be timber trees for eventual use in building projects.

However, wood leases and other documents have a variety of alternative forms, including ‘stand’, ‘stander’ and ‘standall’: 1574 one woodd contening xxx acr. … th’old standes beinge left, Fountains Abbey

1594-5 ‘the sale of all the wood saving a thousand sufficient standers of okes and ashes’, Beverley

1608 2 hagges … in which are noe Standalls nor any other trees, Pickering.

spellings standall standard (1) stander
dates 1574 1594-1595 1608

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Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0