1) ‘Standard’ was a word used in connection with wood management, especially in the phrase ‘coppicing with standards’, where the standards were the trees that the woodcutters left standing when the coppice had been felled: they were destined to be timber trees for eventual use in building projects.
However, wood leases and other documents have a variety of alternative forms, including ‘stand’, ‘stander’ and ‘standall’: 1574 one woodd contening xxx acr. … th’old standes beinge left, Fountains Abbey
1594-5 ‘the sale of all the wood saving a thousand sufficient standers of okes and ashes’, Beverley
1608 2 hagges … in which are noe Standalls nor any other trees, Pickering.
2) When a pit, mill or factory was not working it was said to ‘stand’.
1695 the pitts stood from the time that John Smith went away, Farnley. The Kayes of Woodsome operated a coal-mine in Honley for which a rental survives from 1651, but after 1677 most entries simply say the coal pitt stands: a variation in 1685 which confirms the meaning of this phrase is the coal mine not now wrought. In 1720, a Staveley ironworks journal noted that Robert Thompson had died and that the cutler wheel stood. In Colsterdale it was decided in 1721 to let all Dead workes there stand and at Elsecar payment was made in 1769 for nine pulls of soft coals burnt in the cabin when the pit was standing. The term has remained in common use.
3) A kind of tub or barrel.
1412 Et de j standa de empcione, Selby
1567 fowre fattes, fyve standes with theire coveres, Fixby
1644 tubbes, barelles and standes, Lepton
1671 found a stand which had within it eleaven peeces of mutton, Rathmell.