1) A piece of land within an oxbow, formed by a change in the course of a river.
1562 a close called Steaner or Steyner ... on the north side of the river Calder alleged to be abrupted and ryven by violence of the river ... from certain grounds the inheritance of Sir George Savile, Southowram. It would at one time have been formed of sand and stones and the origin is likely to be Old English st?ner: 1494 ‘a close of land called the Steynour lying between the water of Keldre and a close called Wydkynrode’, Mirfield
1581 one parcell of lande and water Contayneinge by estimacion one acre or thereabowtes Commonly callid a steanor adioyninge and lienge alongest the sowth syde of the Callder, Kirklees
1608 ‘certain parcels of land called le Stayner lying between Thornes and Dirtcarr, the ancient course of water there and to whom le Stayner belonged ... and who ought to make fences from the water’
1649 a banck or sandbed neare to the said bridge ... did hinder the straight Current of the ... Calder ... to Cutt the said banck sandbed or stayner through, Horbury. Place-names testify to a much longer history and a related meaning associated with land by mill dams: 1292 le Steenre, Damheuedsteenre, Rothwell
1333 ‘Henry Presteman ... says Richard [son of John Huddeson] wrongfully seized 8 of his cattle in a certain place called Stenner in Horbury’
1699 Mr Fenton Mil Steaner, Aire. The huge bend in the river Ouse at Stainer near Selby suggests that this twelfth-century place-name may commemorate an ancient steaner. As the use of the term declined and the meaning became less transparent the spellings were more variable, and the acquisition of a final ‘d’ helped transform some ‘stennards’ or ‘stannards’ into Stone Yards: 1665 ‘4 closes of arable meadow or pasture commonly called Stannardwells’, Horbury
1731 she had stacked coal upon the Stenard at Wakefield
1800 Stoneyard, Lower Stoneyard, Linthwaite
1838 Stone Yard, Honley. See NH77-80.