1) A dark, viscous liquid which consists mainly of hydrocarbons, produced by the destructive distillation of materials such as wood, coal and peat. It was much used by shepherds.

1291-2 oleo et ter ad oves lxs viijd, Bolton Priory

1530 pro ... tar barels ad comburendum calcem, 8d, York

1579 payd for a gallon of tarre for mending shepe, Stockeld

1617 Stray tuppes ... challenged by Anthony Watson of Sutton ... by his name marked with tarr, Brandsby

1642 The manner is to give lambes a tarre-marke before they goe to the feld, Elmswell. It had a wide range of other attributive uses: 1627 a tarbox, South Cave

1642 a tarre-kettle, Elmswell

1678 a tarring trough [for a ropemaker], Selby

1686 3 tar cartes ... 1 new tar pan, 1 tarcan, West Riding.

dates 1291-1292 1530 1579 1617 1627 1642 1678 1686

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