1) The unwoven ends of the warp threads; short pieces or remnants of thread or yarn. In some sources thrums are referred to as ‘waste’ but they had many uses and a clear market value.

1401 ‘9 stone of thrommes, val. 20s’, Hull

1576 Collered Woll, more certeyne thrumes, Leeds

1628 woollen yarne, thrums & cardes, Pudsey

1668 Woolle yearne throomes & Nisbetts Ł2, Salterforth

1760 the low warp is lin the higher woollen so the are cut about one inch assunder for to make the thrums stick up, Wakefield

1823 paid for some thrums for mops, Meltham. They were in early use to make a kind of hat: 1453 35 duss’ thrumhattes Ł15 0 0, Hull

1540 my silke thrummede hate, Rotsea. In 1559, one qwyssin thrommed in Hipswell was probably fringed with thrums. Typical of later spellings are: 1690 15 pounds of thrumbs, Lingards and 1700 j thrombs basket, Holmfirth. Thrum Hall occurs twice as a place-name in the Halifax area and is likely to be a humorous name of the Mouldwarp Hall type: the by-name seems likely to have been derogatory: 1338 John Thrum’, Wakefield.

dates 1338 1401 1453 1540 1559 1576 1628 1668 1690 1700 1760

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