1) A spade designed to cut turf, described in 1887 as having a triangular blade of steel with one side turned up and sharpened in front and a long curved shaft with a strong cross-handle.
The spades referred to in early examples may have been simpler: 1485 iiijor vange et j turfe spade, Ripon
1559 j turfspade iiijd ij old leys viijd, Westerdale
1587 a turfe spade ... a dungeforke, South Cave
1692 3 olde turfe spades 6d, Holmfirth.