1) A spade designed to cut turf, described in 1887 as having a triangular blade of steel with one side turned up and sharpened in front and a long curved shaft with a strong cross-handle.

The spades referred to in early examples may have been simpler: 1485 iiijor vange et j turfe spade, Ripon

1559 j turfspade iiijd ij old leys viijd, Westerdale

1587 a turfe spade ... a dungeforke, South Cave

1692 3 olde turfe spades 6d, Holmfirth.

dates 1485 1559 1587 1692

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