1) The tools required by different workmen.
It is in wills and inventories that we find lists of the tools used in a typical smithy. In 1709, a cutler named Joseph Webster had 2 payr of bellowes A stiddy and Stock Cow trough and glaszer, Ł4, 5 payr of tonges 6 hammers, 5s 0d, A pair of Rollers Shears and small working tooles, Ł1, 5 vices Ł1 10s 0d, Sheffield. In 1492-3, the York founderer John Brown bequeathed his wirking irenes to three apprentices so that they might continue the crafte and in 1544, Robert Whit of Normanton left to his son all and singler my smyth stuf, as well the towlles and implementes to worke with as also such yren as is maide readie to the working. There is a more detailed agreement in 1574 between two masons and the Earl of Sheffield's servant William Dickenson: a Coate also to either of them, the said masons fyndeinge them selves all maner of toyles to worke with pertaining to their Scyence ... my Lord gyveing them towards their toyles ii stone of yron. Some of these implements are commented on in more detail elsewhere in the glossary, as are items such as hammers and troughs if they have a defining first element.