1) Occupational by-name for a wood-worker.
The by-name is on record from the twelfth century, in the reign of Richard I, vj acris Hugonis carpentarij, Sawley
1202 Elyas Carpentarius, Cadeby. The carpenter was the wood-worker employed in major building projects who did the heavier tasks. In the following example he was the workman responsible for cutting the roof timbers: 1354-5 In mercede Laurencii Carpentarii sculpantis thakborde … pro coopertura domus plumbarić, Ripon. In the ordinances for the occupacions of Carpinters in Beverley, in 1596, the different wood-workers were listed as follows: Carpinters, Joyners, Millnwrightes and those that Cogg or Spindle any Wynd Myllne or Horse Myllne, Wheale wrightes, Sawers, Cowpers, Bowers, Fletchers, Turners, Bottellmakers, Disheturners, Temesmakers, Syvemakers, Kittmakers, Scuttellmakers, Baskettmakers, Skeppmakers, Stimnemakers [strum-maker?] and Bottellturners . A building contract of 1682 required Richard Thomson to doe … all the carpenters’ worke … that is to say, he shal fell, lead, hew, saw, frame and raise the same, Scriven. Note: 1457-8 Pro factura de Carpentwyrke in parte ixs vijd, Fountains Abbey.