1) The specialist woodworker who made barrels, casks and tubs.
1272 Thomas the Couper, Wombleton
1297 ‘John le Coupere’s house’, Wakefield. The surname was late to stabilise and the by-name is found into the fifteenth century. In 1424-5, for example, the fabric rolls for Ripon contain this entry: Item Thomae Colleper pro v garthys ligneis, 5d. It had several attributive uses, and an undated set of York ordinances, probably of the fifteenth century, referred to les artificers del coupercraft. Later examples are: 1564 Certein cowper timbre valued at 7s, Clint
1638 a good quantitie of tymber for seilinge and cowpers ware, Bradfield.