1) Originally a kind of coarse cloth, made of cotton and flax. It is thought to take its name from a suburb of Cairo named Fostat.
1399-1400 et j casula de nigro fustian, Ripon
1439 unum dublett vocatum fustian Jak, Thorner
1556 to Nicholas Carlile a fustian doblet, Pontefract. The colours were varied: in the inventory of Richard Bishop of York were: c.1504 tawny fusgyn … crayn colored fusgyn … chawkt fusgyn … blak fusgyn … qwyth fusgyn . Fustian was used for bed clothes such as blankets and pillow cases and these were often in ‘pairs’: 1454 unum par de lodicibus de fustian, Whitkirk
1485 a pair of fustyannce, Ripon
1527 on par of lyne sheites, on paire of fustcheandes, Whitkirk
1535 twoo pilowes of downe coveryd with fustyan, Stillingfleet
1568 12 pare of Fustians wherof five pare Broken and sore worne, Healaugh.