1) A word applied to various implements used for ladling liquids, or shovelling sand, grit and the like. Often the context does not make the exact meaning clear.

1395 pro j skowp Willelmo Plomar vjd

c.1450 brosches et scopis emptis pro purgacione les reredose in choro, stallorum et murorum Ecclesić, York

1454 Et in iiij scoupes emptis pro jactacione aque ad huiusmodi opus xijd York

1642 to stande ready with a scoupe ... and water it sowndly all over, Elmswell. In some West Riding coal-mines the scoop was a container in which coal was drawn to the surface: 1666 keepe in worke eighte pickes five Skuppes foure Spades two Shoufles, South Crosland

1702 hurt by the end of a scoop in pulling up coals, Shelley. Oliver Heywood likened it to a basket in 1673, in which colliers were raised and lowered at the scene of an accident, and that is the meaning given in the OED. However, few examples are quoted there and the evidence is far from conclusive, especially the east Yorkshire reference ‘scopp’ which may be a mistaken reading of ‘scepp’. Colliery accounts make it clear that by c.1700 the scoop was a box-like construction, made of wood with iron fittings: 1713 two boarded scoops, Shibden

1732 two scoops mending with staples and nailes, Whitley. Scoop and corf are listed together in the accounts for a pit in Tong, so they were distinct items.

dates 1395 1450 1454 1642 1666 1700 1702 1732

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