1) Tire is probably an abbreviated spelling of ‘attire’ which had meanings such as ‘dress’, ‘outfit’ or ‘equipment’. By the fifteenth century it was being used of the metal rim of a wooden wheel.

1448 unum par de tyres cum duobus paribus de edges, Carlton

1485 j tyre pro rota plaustri, Ripon

1597 6 newe tyre strokes with other iron stuffe, South Cave. It gave rise to a specialist occupational term: 1727 Thomas Hood, tiresmith, St Olave’s, York. The modern spelling ‘tyre’ was a revival, used from the nineteenth century when rubber rims were first made. An unusual nickname may take this meaning back much earlier: 1277 William de Lynley called Tyrewyggel.

spellings tiresmith
dates 1277 1448 1485 1597 1727

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