crook

1) A hooked implement.

1251 cum sicco quod potuerunt prosternere per crocos, Pickering. A farming tool, particularly one used for ‘lowking’ or weeding: 1615 5 lowkecrooks, iiijd, Brandsby

1634 3 pease hackes, 3 looke crookes, Elmswell

1642 for pykes, they usually pull out the hey with hey crookes, Elmswell

1671 6 pitch forks, 3 pease croocks, Thorpe Willoughby.

dates 1251 1615 1634 1642 1671

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2) The usual word for ‘hook’. It can be found in various contexts, e.g. for door ‘hinges’.

1399-1400 cum iiij crokys … ferri emp. pro ij ostiis Ripon

1443 pro bandis, crokis et snekkes, York

1537 for staples, banddes, crokkes, York. It occurs commonly also in workplaces where items were suspended from hooks, such as grindstones: 1568 a crook for a grunstone, Kendal

1587 a crouke for a grindle stonn, South Cave

1656 Item grinde stone and Crookes, Eshton or on market stalls: 1716 took the mutton off three crookes in the market place, Huddersfield. More generally it referred to an angle or bend, as in a field or fence: 1417 thar ys a cruke of Robert Feriby grund fra the privy un to the streteward, York

1628 a parcel of ground ... between the wall crooke on the west and Wibsey Slacke on the east, Bradford or a small angular piece of land, a nook: 1267 et omnes crokis prati, Eshton

a close called the Croke of the Holme, Killinghall

1610 the crokes and pittes adjoining Threapland

1667 in a place there called the Damn Croakes, Thirsk

1717 ‘other small parts, called crookes and crinkles’, Helmsley.

dates 1267 1399-1400 1417 1443 1537 1560 1568 1587 1610 1628 1656 1716

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Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0