1) These were the usual words for a lead-mine.

1535 all his lead mines and groves in Appletrewicke Mores

1563 the headdeys man & is marrowys that whrotthe the grove, Grinton

1673 an old mine or groue hole, Bordley

1700 in a grove hole under ground, GreenhowHill

1705-8 has sunk their said shaft grove or pitt for the getting of lead oar, Grinton. As grouas it is found in Yorkshire charters from the late twelfth century but has been translated by editors as ‘pit’. It was employed in the seventeenth century as a name for coal-pits in Colsterdale, where lead was also mined, and subsequently that meaning was in occasional use over a wider area: 1721 I have set forth four workmen of making a New Grove. Examples occur in coal-mining leases in Leeds by the nineteenth century, possibly introduced there via the Danby family who had mining interests in both regions: 1829 liberty to make Pits, Shafts, Trenches and Groves, Leeds. Note: 1635 Ibbison, a groveman, buried, Marske

1686-7 8 turntrees and other grove tools, West Riding.

spellings grove hole
dates 1150-1199 1535 1563 1635 1673 1700 1705-1708 1721 1829

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2) No definition available

‘Grove’ in the sense of a small wood is rare in Yorkshire where ‘grave’ and ‘greave’ are more usual as place-name elements. However, it was used in the eighteenth century when landscape-gardening became popular and emerged as a name for villas in the final decades of the century. Myrtle Grove in Bingley and Spring Grove in Huddersfield helped to establish that tradition. The present-day street directory for Kirklees in west Yorkshire contains over two hundred examples, with no fewer than five Laburnum Groves. It can therefore be compared with ‘lodge’ and ‘grange’, although that aspect of its history has received little attention. Indeed, the rôle these words had as villa names was not commented on in works on place-names, and Smith treated Fell Grove, Spring Grove and The Grove in Dalton as potentially old place-names.

spellings groove

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Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0