1) Originally a flat stone on which oatcakes or havercakes were baked.

1647 This morne I went to James Mitchell ... to get one of them come and hew mee a backstone, Thurlstone. Both stone and iron backstones are mentioned regularly in inventories: 1612 2 backstones, Eccleshill

1656 two Iron bakestones, North Bierley

1728 fire iron baxton, Easington. One of the places where suitable stone could be quarried was Quick, or Saddleworth, where a by-name serves as evidence of backstones being quarried in the fourteenth century: 1377 Robert Bakstoneman, Quick. In Songs of a Moorland Parish, Ammon Wrigley drew attention to a deed of 1555 which refers to two Backstone Pytts located in the aptly-named locality of Delph and in 1733 a Barnsley tanner recorded in his diary: October 8th Went to Delf ... it is there where all the havercake bakestones are got out of a quarry. A number of minor place-names occur in different parts of Yorkshire and they take the history of the word back to the twelfth century: 1154-8 Bacestaingrave, Marrick

1188-1208 Bakestaneforde, Worsall

1330 Bakestanclifrod, Yeadon.

dates 1154-1158 1188-1208 1330 1377 1612 1647 1656 1728 1733

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