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The single example noted referred to the cost of nails for bellows in a new chafery. These will have been made of wood and skins.
places Colne Bridge
dates 1746

spellings bull hide
No doubt hand-operated originally by hand and often described as a 'pair'.
dates 1317 1399-1400 1402 1509 1543 1553 1558 1698 1724

Occupational term for a maker of bellows.
places Sheffield
dates 1356 1699

One whose business it was to ring the church bells in order to draw attention to matters of local or national interest.
places Barnsley York
dates 1539 1745

A rare term for a maker of belts.
places Heslington
dates 1295

spellings pelyment
Spellings of ‘biliment’ which is dealt with separately.
places Halnaby
dates 1553

spellings benk (1)
North-country spellings of ‘bank’, that is a working section of the coal-face.
places Farnley
dates 1690

Half a ‘butt’, that is half the hide of an animal minus the belly and shoulders.
dates 1575 1577 1592 1622 1635 1672 1731

A piece of material used to secure an item of clothing or as decoration.
dates 1545 1619

The meaning is uncertain but it is found listed with other kitchen implements.
places South Cave
dates 1614 1623

A term for a range of coarse, grass-like reeds, rushes, sedges, etc, found on moorland.
dates 1432 1562 1579

An implement for sweeping, usually made of ling, broom or twigs.
dates 1371 1434 1567 1653 1671 1738

To order goods by prior arrangement.
dates 1615 1648

To call to mind, to remember.

A word with several dialect usages. It can mean ‘greater’ or ‘in excess of’.
dates 1671 1674

spellings bewitt
Obsolete spellings of bequeath.
dates 1487 1511 1520

A common abbreviated form of abide, in the sense of ‘to obey’ or ‘be submissive to’.
places Grinton
dates 1549 1577

A regional word for shelter, refuge.
places Scruton Elmswell
dates 1542 1642

The location in the church where the bier stood in readiness for a coffin, and the period of time during which the bier held the coffin.
places Hull
dates 1536


spellings bigg
To build.
dates 1417 1420 1481 1503

The four-rowed barley, an inferior but hardier variety of the six-rowed or winter barley (OED).
dates 1540 1558 1630

A specialist anvil with two pointed ends.
places York Eckington
dates 1445 1592

A bend in a river.
dates 1503 1699

An aphetic form of ‘abiliment’ which derives from French ‘habillement’ and was used in the sixteenth century for ornamental articles of a woman’s attire, especially those round the head and neck.
dates 1551 1572 1584

A piece of wood cut to a suitable length for fuel.
places Selby
dates 1586 1668

A verb meaning to place iron tires on the wooden wheels of a wain.
dates 1472 1548

spellings binder
It is best known as a term in hedging, where a ‘binder’ was a pliable branch or rod, usually of hazel, one which served to secure the wooden fence stakes.
dates 1682 1699 1717 1747

A collective word for the pliant branches of felled shrubs and trees.
places Tong
dates 1694

A measure of lead ore which contained ‘eight weighs, a weigh being a hundred weight’ (OED).
places Marrick
sources NYCRO No. 31
dates 1676

spellings binkboard benk
A bench or a wooden shelf, especially one for plates; a regional spelling.
dates 1422 1535 1549 1554 1623 1634

The regional word for the birch.
places Tong Almondbury
dates 1518-1519 1741


spellings bish
A word used of fur in the Middle Ages.
dates 1311 1392 1408 1419 1435

The bilberry or whortleberry (OED).
places Pannal Lofthouse
dates 1296 1321

A black African, or a dark-skinned person.
dates 1601 1611 1657 1661

This was a specialist term for an oak tree at a certain number of years’ growth.
dates 1672 1690 1720 1730

Leather blackened by using water or vinegar mixed with either copperas or iron filings, a sort of black ink.
places York
dates 1398 1417 1491 1550-1551

A sausage made from the blood of a freshly-killed pig, containing oatmeal or flour and pieces of suet or fat.
dates 1674 1683

Probably a local spelling for black shale which could lie over a coal seam.
places Beeston
sources Denison papers
dates 1754

A smith who works iron; that is ‘black’ metal as opposed to tin or white metal.
dates 1341 1473 1593 1655

In lead-mining this was waste material and it occurs first in an account of slag that was being reworked.
dates 1427 1527 1537

The prepared bladders of animals had a variety of uses, as floats when inflated, as wind-bags for instruments, and as containers of various kinds.
places Farsley
dates 1751

Occupational term for the maker of the flattened part of an instrument or tool.
dates 1357 1369 1375 1449 1488 1501 1565 1698

Possibly a farm where rent was paid in silver instead of in kind or through services.
dates 1500 1535 1609 1680

To bellow, of animals.
places Elmswell
dates 1642

A paste used to caulk ships' timbers, or, as here, house timbers, probably a mixture of wool waste and pitch.
places Hull
dates 1466-1468

To bleat, a regional spelling.
places Thurgoland
dates 1674

Halliwell defines 'to blaze' as taking fish from a river, using a leister or trident.
places Worsall Fewston
dates 1669 1693

A blister or small swelling.
places Wakefield
dates 1680

To mix lime and sand for mortar or, with the addition of hair, for plaster.
dates 1537 1667 1738

spellings bland corn
Wheat and rye sown and grown together.
dates 1395-1396 1521 1570 1656

spellings blindings
In the singular the word ‘blending’ had several related meanings in the textile industry, all connected with the mixing of wool. In agriculture it was used in the plural, for peas and beans grown together as food for cattle.
places Birstall
sources YAS Deeds
dates 1819

Blue mixed, of a material.
places York Arncliffe
dates 1421 1434

Commonly used in phrases such as ‘a blind corner’ and found frequently in minor place-names in reference to something out of the way or difficult to see.
dates 1376-1377 1527-1528

Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0