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Young twigs of shrubs and trees, used mainly for firewood and animal fodder.
dates 1310-1311 1437 1619-1621

A variant spelling of the noun ‘brog’.
places Shelf
dates 1548

To break or smash.
places Pocklington
dates 1596

spellings brusing brusing wood brushwood brushment brushing brosyngwood
A northern form of ‘browse’, that is the young twigs of shrubs and trees, used mainly for firewood and animal fodder.
dates 1494 1499-1500 1518 1537 1538 1539-1540 1568 1590

As a noun ‘brush’ means the loppings of trees or shrubs and it is on record from 1330 (OED).
dates 1497 1560 1686 1763

A rare term for a type of nail.
places Shibden
dates 1749-1751

A washing tub in which linen, cloth, or clothes more generally, were steeped in a lye of wood ashes. It was an old bleaching process.
places Slaidburn
dates 1621

spellings buckler
A maker of metal buckles, particularly for belts and shoes.
places York Sheffield
dates 1250 1472 1711 1716

Usually a small round shield with a handle at the back, although the name was given also to larger shields attached to the arm by straps.
places Hedon
dates 1393

A maker of bucklers.
places York
dates 1400 1455

A type of nail involved in the making of bucklers.
places York
dates 1400

Originally a costly fabric, sometimes of cotton, sometimes of linen although it later acquired the sense of coarse, gummed linen used for linings.
dates 1400 1433 1483 1542 1751

The word ‘buck’ was used for the male of different animals, certainly of the deer or goat, but the leather called buckskin is likely to have been from the deer.
dates 1402 1433 1453 1490

A large net placed between trees to entrap deer.
places Pickering Malton
dates 1336 1489 1503

For ‘puddings’ in the sense of entrails.
places Acomb
dates 1593

As a noun this is a shallow vat in which ore is washed (OED).
places Grassington
dates 1642

Lambskins with the wool dressed outwards, a common word in early records.
dates 1313-1314 1314 1456-1457 1518 1562

A wheel covered with buff leather on which the horn handles of knives were polished.
dates 1690

Often combined with ‘form’ and ‘stool’, both of them low.
dates 1453 1509 1567 1668 1704

Buffalo-headed; a derogatory word equivalent to fool or idiot.
places Almondbury
dates 1686

spellings bugler
‘Bugle’ was originally the word for a buffalo or wild ox and the bugle-horn was used first as a drinking vessel and then became in its shortened form the musical instrument (OED).
places York
dates 1217 1403

A wild plum, used of both the tree and the fruit.
dates 1716 1783

A nickname; possibly an early example of bull-frog.
places Horbury
dates 1333

A regional word for the bulrush.
places York
dates 1482

The exact meaning is uncertain but the reference noted was to imported items of fir, possibly for use by shipwrights.
places Hull
dates 1483

A collection of things of the same kind.
dates 1461 1483 1518 1537 1697 1698

As a verb, to kick or strike with the foot.
dates 1672 1703

A dialect form of ‘bound wain’.
dates 1539 1558 1571 1644

A load such as a man might carry, but used as a measure of quantity and often contrasted with a horse-load.
places York
dates 1495

A wool-dyed cloth of superior quality, originally dark-brown in colour (OED).
dates 1234 1252 1346 1391 1413-1414 1545 1558 1570

A branding iron.
dates 1485 1502 1565

A by-name, probably comparing a person's hair to a prickly flower-head, perhaps the burdock.
dates 1292 1308 1335

A supporting wall, inclined against a bank (EDD).
places Thurstonland
dates 1867

A word of uncertain origin noted only in Holderness. The contexts suggest that it may have referred to a fence, possibly one of brushwood.
places Patrington
dates 1663

Pottery made at Burslem.
places Northallerton
dates 1752

A regional word for the elder.
dates 1200 1423-1424 1530 1642

A measure of capacity which contains four pecks or eight gallons. Many references are to the vessel used as a measure.
dates 1357 1476 1490 1558 1603 1619 1706

spellings busman
Christopher Tayler of Hull was described as busshman when he died in 1588 (YRS22/123).
places Hull
dates 1465

A regional form of ‘bush’, found commonly in minor place-names.
dates 1300 1542 1550 1678 1782

 A term for a soft leather boot which reached the calf or knee, but used also of a shorter laced boot or even leather hose.
dates 1502 1535 1568 1572 1575 1596

A two or three masted Dutch fishing vessel.
dates 1614 1653 1670

A short form of ‘abutment’.
dates 1485-1486 1741

The thick or hinder part of a hide used for sole leather, especially that of an ox or cow: it was reduced to a rough rectangle by removing the belly and shoulders.
dates 1541 1735

A common Yorkshire place-name with several possible meanings.
dates 1260 1367 1397 1497 1519 1572 1636

A cask, usually for wine or ale.

spellings butteris
From the French boutoir, an instrument used in various trades for punching or boring holes, found especially in farriers’ workshops where it served to pare horses’ hooves.
dates 1423 1592 1638

spellings coffin
Possibly a wooden bowl with a cover (EDD), although a ‘pair’ may suggest that they were butter pats.
dates 1567 1622 1638

Not a reference to the name of the flower which dates only from the eighteenth century, but to a cup for holding butter.
places York
dates 1426

A carved wooden stamp for marking pats of butter (OED).
places Allerton
dates 1636

A name applied to various kinds of flat fish, such as turbot and plaice.
places Hull Scarborough
dates 1483 1623

Presumably a showroom or warehouse.
places Sheffield
dates 1758

Occupational term for a maker of buttons.
dates 1669 1685-1687 1698 1743

A spelling of 'by work'.
places Farnley
dates 1719

Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0