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Part of the shoemaker’s equipment; a shaped wooden block which could be placed inside a shoe to stretch it or keep it in shape.
dates 1424

spellings burras
A native salt which was used as a flux in welding and as a mild alkaline solution in cleaning.
dates 1684 1713

The boundary or hedge of a wood.
dates 1390 1527 1543 1548-1549

Possibly a mould used in nail-making.
places Normanton
dates 1545

An iron rod used for making bore-holes.
dates 1600-1615 1692 1816

A device used by Sheffield cutlers, possible for boring out knife handles or making rivets.
places Sheffield
dates 1694

A word noted in mining records. According to west Yorkshire correspondents to the EDD this was to withdraw the timber supports of the roof when all the coal had been won.
places Farnley Tong
dates 1693 1759

Usually a swelling on the body of an animal.
places Huggate
dates 1461

A bundle of hay, hemp, straw or the like, in some cases a specific quantity.
dates 1477 1528 1621 1686 1726

A vessel with a narrow neck for holding liquids. Now usually of glass it was made of a variety of materials in earlier centuries.
dates 1347 1381 1550 1562 1573 1596 1668

Land in the valley bottom.
dates 1642 1660

As a noun this referred to the floor of a coal-pit, the underground part of the mining operation.
places Farnley
dates 1695

Coal from below the undercut.
dates 1638 1749-1750 1758 1816

The man responsible for the colliers working underground.
dates 1671

spellings bottom shovel
Bottom picks were the large picks used at the coal-face (EDD).
places Horsforth Tong
dates 1728 1760

To strip the branches from logs that were to be used as pit-props.
places Tong Elsecar
dates 1765 1778

A pail or, as here, a dish.
dates 1528

A stone, used originally for paving; sometimes, a cobblestone.
dates 1421 1495 1675 1682

Fastened or secured with iron bands, used frequently of chests and coffers.
dates 1348 1429 1542 1551 1585 1682

spellings bonden bondon
The early past participles of ‘to bind’, in its varied senses.
dates 1429 1502 1555

This has been said to refer to an enclosed wain, one with sides (DW288) but I believe that it was a wain with iron-bound wheels, and that possibility is discussed fully under iron-bound wain.
dates 1557 1579 1612

For a carpenter, to bow or embow wood was to give it a curved shape.
places Ripon
dates 1520

To attach a bowed piece of wood to an animal to hinder it from breaking hedges.
places Acomb
dates 1576

In Yorkshire documents ‘bow’ was the word most commonly used for the vaulted arch of a stone bridge.
dates 1486 1564-1565 1579 1682

Common Yorkshire place-name.
dates 1250 1370

A maker of bows.
places York
dates 1368 1371

Ready, prepared to set off, going.
dates 1487 1569

A kind of fishing net, although the term is rare and the meaning uncertain.
dates 1372

A tool used for cutting a mark (usually a shield) into the scale of a haft, using a bow and a ‘parser’ with a hard metal cutting edge.
places Sheffield
dates 1702

A treasurer or burser.
dates 1505 1516 1520

The distance to which an arrow can be shot from a bow.
dates 1617 1681

Pieces of wood suitable for making into bows.
places Hull
dates 1453

spellings box-iron maker
The box-iron was a smoothing-iron which had a cavity into which a ‘heater’ could be inserted, that is a triangular piece of heated iron.
places Sheffield
dates 1767

Some 'boxmakers' were actually box-iron makers but the making of metal boxes, for a variety of other purposes, became a specialist craft in Sheffield in the late years of the seventeenth century.
places Sheffield
dates 1678 1698 1743 1745

In the cutlery trade the wood of the evergreen shrub called box was popular with hafters.
places Sheffield
dates 1730

Presumably an engraver of metal boxes.
places Sheffield
dates 1729

A common spelling of ‘boon’ which preserves the dialect pronunciation in parts of the West Riding.
dates 1547 1556

spellings brabbler
The verb meant to make an uproar, to argue loudly and contentiously.
dates 1563 1602 1631 1665

To bluster, show defiance, used in the phrase ‘to face and brace’.
dates 1514 1540

spellings brog (1)
A large iron nail, evidently worth sharpening.
dates 1357 1371 1456 1538 1544 1651 1769

A word for malt (SS120/256).
places Hampsthwaite
dates 1473

The OED gives two meanings, one as a word for bracken, apparently not found in northern writers, and the other for a clump of bushes or briers.
dates 1503 1569 1616 1679

As a noun this was a toothed instrument used in the preparation of flax and hemp. However, the same word was used for other craft instruments (OED) so the meaning is not always clear.
dates 1546 1562 1582 1639 1669 1747

A word for anthracite or cannel coal (EDD), used in the Sheffield area.
places Sheffield

spellings brandet
Brindled, that is reddish-brown in colour, marked with bars or streaks of a different hue.
dates 1345 1538 1583 1599 1623 1815 1842

In many early inventories, the ‘brandreth’ was an iron grid or frame, used to support cooking pots, listed in the kitchen.
dates 1422 1452 1483 1528 1563 1586

Apparently a late alternative spelling of brandreth.
places Holmfirth Lepton
dates 1700 1704

spellings brash wood
The refuse from tree loppings, i.e. branches, twigs and clippings.
dates 1614 1616 1619

spellings brazier brasener
One who works in brass.
places Sheffield
dates 1700 1720

A colloquial word for certain copper coins, or money more generally.
dates 1647 1699 1725

A northern form of ‘burst’.
places Hessle
dates 1564

spellings brettise
The verb was used originally to mean ‘to fortify with a wooden breastwork’.
places York
dates 1360

To quarrel.
places Thurlstone
dates 1647

The flesh of the boar, as fattened for the table (OED).
dates 1313 1544 1574 1659 1845

To grind into small pieces, as in a mortar; to beat.
dates 1500 1557 1570 1708 1747 1778

Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0