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This unusual term is entered in the OED under the headword ‘arsedine’. It was a gold-coloured alloy of copper and zinc, rolled into very thin leaf and used to ornament cutlery wares.
places Sheffield
dates 1690

A role within the Sheffield cutler's company.
places Sheffield
dates 1624 1773

spellings size
The sitting or session of a legislative body, a word frequently abbreviated.
places Brandsby
dates 1615

To absolve, to set free, as from a debt, a criminal charge.
dates 1510 1520

spellings ascelwod hascelwood astyllwode astelwod
Chips of wood or splinters, suitable for kindling.
places York Beverley
dates 1415 1432 1445-1446 1510

spellings astre aystre eastres naystre
A piece of timber used in house-building.
dates 1489-1490 1501-1502 1537 1582 1686-1689


For ‘that’, as frequently still in dialect.
places York
dates 1512 1528

An archaic form of after or afterwards.
dates 1586 1674 1736 1758

spellings attachment (1)
In legal documents the verb could mean ‘to arrest’ or lay hold of a person or thing.
dates 1525 1689

spellings attachment (2)
The securing of a dam.
dates 1245 1264 1301-1302 1473-1474 1530 1543 1580 1581

Probably a head-dress in the instance quoted.
places Roos
dates 1394

spellings averidge averish
Probably the rights of pasturage in a field once corn has been harvested.
dates 1281 1482 1534 1641 1668

The rights that tenants had to ‘average’ were grazing rights subject to customary practice.
places Thirsk Lealholm
dates 1670 1724

To make void or empty, to remove.
dates 1486 1549 1659

One who avouches or guarantees.
places Adwalton
dates 1631

A variant of ‘owed’.
places Sedbergh
dates 1553


spellings aul
A container in the kitchen or dairy.
places Harrogate Well
dates 1559 1567

spellings awlblademaker awlbladesmith nallbladesmith nawlbadesmith
The awl is a small tool with a tapering, sharpened blade, used especially by shoemakers for piercing leather: it can be compared with the woodworker’s bradawl.
dates 1655 1660 1676 1690


The sheath that covers the grain of many varieties of cereal.
places Elmswell
dates 1642


An obsolete pronunciation of ‘ask’ which survives in dialect.
places Slaidburn
dates 1564

spellings axbote
The right to get timber, perhaps wood for the helves of axes or for an axle-tree.
dates 1524 1585

A rare occupational term, recorded in Sheffield from the end of the seventeenth century.
dates 1632-1715 1667 1699

One of the two nails or pins used to fasten a cart to the axle-tree (OED).
dates 1485 1558 1587

In its earliest history the word ‘axle-tree’ was associated chiefly with vehicles such as carts and carriages: it was the bar which had a revolving wheel at each end and it was made of wood.
dates 1485 1541 1547 1558 1631-1632 1639 1698


Ever, always, continually (OED).
dates 1294 1310 1319 1354 1381

spellings dintles
In connection with tanning the OED defines this as ‘the thickest and best-tanned hide’.
dates 1417 1423 1541 1673

A broad leather strap or iron chain which passed over the cart-saddle or a pad on the back of a horse, and served to keep up the shafts of a vehicle (OED).
dates 1685 1721 1739

spellings backbread
A thin board on which the dough for oatcakes was prepared before being put on the spittle and turned onto the backstone.
dates 1617 1628 1712

A working place in a coal-mine.
places Farnley
dates 1717

A common term in South Cave for part of a dwelling house.
places South Cave
dates 1598

A northern spelling of bake-house, particularly the common or manorial bake-house.
dates 1379 1537 1628

The back premises of a dwelling; a garden or enclosure.
dates 1556 1567 1586 1651 1672 1693 1746

Originally a flat stone on which oatcakes or havercakes were baked.
dates 1154-1158 1188-1208 1330 1377 1612 1647 1656 1728 1733

This was water dammed back in the goit or mill-race by an obstruction or overflow.
dates 1680

The phrase ‘to give backword’ is a dialect usage and it means to go back on a promise.
places Mirfield Honley
dates 1734 1809

A rare word which occurs in wood management contexts but has no obvious meaning.
places Cawood Honley
dates 1419 1579

A distinctive mark, used here of wounds.
places West Riding
dates 1735

A spelling of bag, the stomach of an animal that is, employed here as a verb.
places Swinton
dates 1667

The badger was an itinerant tradesman who bought corn and other commodities which he sold as he travelled around.
dates 1297 1551 1599 1607 1614 1642 1677

Unwell, in poor health, a dialect usage.
places Meltham Haworth
dates 1682 1754


The stomach or entrails of an animal.
dates 1517 1572 1670

spellings bakbread
Northern forms of bake-board, that is a board on which the bread is baked before being placed in the oven with a spittle.
dates 1580 1617 1628

spellings bag ring
One of the rings which served as the handles of bags, possibly of iron originally.
places York Halifax
dates 1496 1519 1526 1537

The regional spelling of ‘bone’.
dates 1270 1279 1298 1306 1382 1536

To provide food and drink for an animal, usually a horse.
dates 1579 1605 1608 1648 1688 1692 1708 1786

Possibly productive of crops or pasture for animals.
places Wressle
dates 1569-1572

From ‘balled’; that is having a white ‘ball’ or patch in the face, used of animals.
dates 1434 1495 1507 1539 1549 1558 1579 1655 1772

spellings bawtry
A belt or strap, often made of leather, used to support a sword or, as here, to bear heavy weights, especially to suspend the clapper of a church bell.
dates 1401-1402 1520 1538 1540-1541

spellings bale hill
A place where lead is smelted.
dates 1223 1446-1458 1527 1542 1562

The worker at a bale hill who smelted the lead.
dates 1446-1458

A light vessel used on the inland waterways and along the coast.
places York Scarborough
dates 1375-1376 1391

Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0