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spellings chawder chaldron
Formerly a dry measure of capacity, used particularly for coal and lime, but also for grain and salt.
dates 1371 1395 1456-1457 1530 1540 1541 1562 1642 1665

In some contexts this was apparently a reference to a piece of wood but the exact meaning remains uncertain.
dates 1619 1634-1635 1640-1641 1761

A room in a house set aside for a particular person’s use.
dates 1524 1561 1587

Hangings or tapestry.
places York
dates 1454 1464

Human urine, which formerly had many domestic and industrial uses.
dates 1589 1688 1710 1745

The vessel used in a bed-chamber for urine.
dates 1574 1621 1658

A chamfer; that is a surface produced by cutting off the square corner of stone or wood equally on both sides.
places Scriven
dates 1682

For chance-child, that is an illegitimate child.
places Buckden
dates 1757

Used of materials which change colour in different positions and lights.

A type of shoe, noted in 1874 and described as a sewed shoe with a seam that united the sole and upper sunk into a channel cut in the sole (OED).
dates 1770

One of the two bones which form the jaw, together with the muscle and skin.
dates 1642 1656 1674

An abbreviation of chapman, used colloquially for a buyer or customer.
places Wakefield
dates 1758-1762

A man whose business is buying and selling.
dates 1444 1542 1552 1565 1654 1702

As a dialect word this referred to ‘a turn of work’ (EDD) which Canon Atkinson considered to explain an unusual place-name element noted in Brandsby.
dates 1736

An early spelling of carbuncle which derives from the Latin for a small piece of coal and was used in the Middle Ages of a fiery red precious stone, a ruby.
dates 1272 1537 1552

Charcoal was a major woodland product from a very early date.
places Brandsby Ripon
dates 1470-1471 1615

A place for firing wood, to make charcoal.
places Tong
dates 1690

spellings chariot
A wheeled vehicle, probably for carrying goods.
dates 1379-1380 1400 1423

Possibly a regional form of ‘carter’.
dates 1350

A large plate or flat dish for serving meat, a platter.
dates 1353 1423 1548 1562 1578

Possibly an unusual spelling of shirt.
places Leeds
dates 1541

Presumably wood intended for charcoal.

To emboss or engrave metal in relief.
dates 1429 1431 1481

Used in references to the clothiers’ tenter frames, with emphasis on the measurement.
dates 1599 1648 1726 1758-1762

An ecclesiastical vestment, a kind of sleeveless mantle which covered the body and shoulders, worn over the alb and stole.
dates 1435 1456 1481

Originally the catkin of trees such as the willow and hazel, linked with ‘kitten’ via its downy appearance (OED).
dates 1544-1545 1592 1667

To barter or trade.
dates 1669 1753

Apparently a nickname for the groat of 1279 which had the reverse side quartered.
places Staveley
dates 1543

An early spelling of cheese-vat, the vessel in which the curds were pressed and moulded, described by Peter Brears as a cylindrical cooper-made implement.
dates 1535 1554 1559 1612 1676

A rack for cheese.
places Barlby
dates 1676

An apparatus for pressing the curds in cheese-making.
dates 1485 1559 1612 1638

spellings chiminage
A tax on movement through a forest.
dates 1314 1619-1621

spellings chimer
A spelling of 'chimer', that is a loose upper robe worn by a bishop.
places York
dates 1423

This reference to yarn, possibly obtained locally, suggests that ‘turkey’ may have been the word intended.
places Stockeld
dates 1578

Cherry-coloured, red, a popular name for a cow over several centuries, certainly into the 1800s.
dates 1522 1547 1588 1614 1715

A tree bearing cherries as fruit.
places Lotherton
dates 1453-1454

A large trea which produces chestnuts, or the colour of the nuts.
dates 1631 1689 1733

The usual dialect equivalent of children.
dates 1393 1490 1544 1547 1588

A word found in an area to the south-west of Huddersfield, evidently for a device that helped toddlers to walk.
places Holmfirth
dates 1709

A spelling of chimney which captures a common colloquial pronunciation.
places Acomb Selby Batley
dates 1546 1657 1685

In the 1400s and 1500s this was a relatively common spelling of chimney in the West Riding although I have found no reference to its use in major dictionaries.
dates 1461 1498 1557

spellings chimley kymnay chimneth
The flue which carries smoke from a fire up into the open air.
dates 1317 1377 1423 1519 1538 1568 1573 1598 1682 1696

If this was originally the location of a moveable chimney, it later became the space beneath the flue.
places Beverley
dates 1689

An epidemic distemper common in children, now more usually called ‘hooping-cough’ (OED).
places Burghwallis
dates 1785

An earlier spelling of surgeon.
places Selby Thurlstone
dates 1647 1691 1695

spellings chesil treate
A variant spelling of 'chesil' meaning gravel. It came to be used of coarse flour, or bran which has a gritty character.
places Elmswell York
dates 1589 1642

The jaw.
places Holmfirth
dates 1716

A kiln where chopped wood was dried for use in the lead-smelting process.
places Buckden
dates 1702 1720

Usually a hedging-bill, that is a heavy, thick knife with a hooked end, used for laying or pruning hedges.
dates 1644 1681 1686 1699

spellings chopping-stock
A large block of timber on which firewood could be chopped.
places Lepton Pudsey
dates 1633 1644

A heavy knife, a cleaver.
places Selby
dates 1533

The fuel used in smelting lead.
dates 1658 1709 1763

spellings cristen
Early alternative spellings of Christian.
places York
dates 1513 1545

Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0