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A sheet in which a child would be christened.
places Selby Slaidburn
dates 1621 1656

As a verb it meant ‘to take to church’, where purifying rites would be performed.
dates 1520-1521 1567


A heap of slag or scorić, the dross thrown off from iron in a bloomery or forge.
dates 1297 1379 1584

spellings single
A girdle or girth, possibly for a sword belt or one of leather which passed round a horse's body and secured a pack on its back.
dates 1348 1395 1470

spellings sestrin sestern
A tank or reservoir; a large vessel or container for holding liquids, often made of lead.
dates 1430 1461 1481 1532 1533 1600 1612 1627-1628 1693

An instrument of the guitar kind that was strung with wire and played with a plectrum.
places Brandsby
dates 1611

spellings clapholt clapboard
These words may have the same meaning: initially they referred to split oak boards which were imported from the Baltic and used by coopers for barrel-staves.
places Ripon York Hull
dates 1453 1471-1472 1520 1526

A clamp, an iron device for holding items together, a kind of vice.
places York
dates 1399 1512

As a verb it had a variety of meanings but could describe the action of bringing the hand down sharply on a person or an object.
dates 1676 1684

Rattles, used to summon people to church on the last three days in Holy Week.
places York
dates 1520

spellings barrand
A vulgar word for venereal disease.
dates 1820

Possibly a small folding table.
places Selby
dates 1656

spellings clatch-iron
In a colliery, a device in which colliers sat as the 'gin' took them up and down the pit shaft.
dates 1631 1666 1673 1694 1729 1842

To smear or bedaub, often with sticky matter.
dates 1620 1686

In most contexts the meaning of ‘clean’ is absolutely clear but references to ‘clean’ deals needs some explanation.
places Elmswell Esholt
dates 1642 1705

Leather with fur intact and no trimmings from older skins
places York

To make clean, to keep clear of rubbish or any unwanted matter.
dates 1486 1520 1684 1704 1719 1750

This verb lies behind the common term ‘cleft wood’ but the verb is rarely found in the records.
places West Bretton
dates 1601

spellings clift cliff
To cleave wood was to split it along the grain, using iron wedges and a heavy hammer: ‘cleft’ and its variants referred to pieces of cleft wood or board.
dates 1478 1515 1518 1520 1591 1681 1704

spellings clench hammer
The OED has ‘clincher’ (1874) and ‘clench hammers’ (c.1850) for the tool which turned the pointed end of a driven nail, so as to make it more secure.
places York
dates 1423 1490 1493 1512 1516

A regional word for a brood of chickens.
dates 1599

The iron hoop which connects a cart, wain to the gear of the draught animal.
places Elmswell
dates 1634

A ball of yarn or thread.
dates 1599 1686 1812

An alternative spelling of ‘clow’.
dates 1748 1759-1760

A latch-key.
places Selby
dates 1434-1435

spellings clipper
A coiner, a maker of counterfeit money.
dates 1505 1647 1664 1696

The summer period in the farming year when sheep were clipped.
dates 1454 1550 1591 1642

A travelling bag or portmanteau in which to carry a cloak or spare clothes.
dates 1562 1578 1620 1647

A lump of clay according to Wright who noted the use of the word in several southern counties but not in Yorkshire (EDD).
places Acomb
dates 1598

spellings clotting-mell
An implement for beaking up clods of earth (OED).

Any large roughly shaped piece of wood, from which the term for wooden shoes eventually developed.
dates 1390 1418 1553 1633 1663 1692 1694 1696-1697 1723 1731 1755

This was a kind of calendar with the days and months notched into a square or oblong piece of wood.
dates 1703

Makers of clogs.
dates 1729

There are several compounds where ‘clog’ served as an adjective, describing objects that were made out of large pieces of wood.
dates 1623 1677 1799

Cart wheels made out of planks of wood were called clog wheels.
dates 1575 1701 1743

A colloquial form of both ‘cloths’ and ‘clothes’.
dates 1554 1570 1637 1764

An enclosed space, particularly a field.
dates 1553 1625 1630 1723

Possibly an enclosed bed, one with panels or fabrics covering the ends, sides and top.
places York
dates 1392

A close-fitting coat, as compared with one that was ‘loose’.
dates 1666 1731

A stool with a removable pan, used as a toilet.
dates 1568 1647 1687

An unusual collective noun for ‘closes’; that is fields, comparable with houses and housing.
places Malton
dates 1540

Usually associated now with coagulated blood but also a word for hardened lumps of earth, a meaning now given to ‘clod’ which shares the same etymology.
dates 1560 1642

A person 'driving' cloth, probably a middleman in the domestic system.
places Pontefract
dates 1555

A shelved cupboard or wardrobe(OED).
places Slaithwaite
dates 1786

An early form of clothes press.
places Brantingham
dates 1554

A person engaged in the cloth trade; a maker of woollen cloth.
places Wadsworth York
dates 1402 1529

Probably a bag for cloth.
places York
dates 1388 1423

An officer appointed by the Justices of Peace whose task it was to examine finished cloths in any of the clothiers’ workplaces, to ensure that no deceitful stretching or tentering had taken place.
dates 1598 1647-1648 1728 1743-1744

A wooden implement used to break up and clear away clods of earth.
places South Cave
dates 1592 1597

A spelling of ‘clow’ which developed in those areas where ‘clough’ had the same pronunciation.
places Beeston Marsden
dates 1560 1754

A frequent term in the south Pennines where it referred to a steep-sided ravine and gave rise to numerous place-names.
dates 1719

A word of Old English origin, on record from a.700. As a substantive it referred commonly to metal plates which were nailed to those parts of carts, ploughs and wains that were subject to wear and tear.
dates 1296-1297 1395 1400 1404-1405 1417 1420-1421 1494 1520 1546 1580 1648 1835

Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0