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spellings ground collier
By-names are among the earliest examples of ‘collier’ and it was widely distributed by the thirteenth century.
dates 1225 1297 1317 1379 1541 1568 1577 1586 1590 1615 1711

One of the ships engaged in the coal-trade, which principally had Newcastle and other places in the north-east as their home port.
dates 1693

spellings low-decker
This term is on record from the early eighteenth century.
dates 1649 1704 1793

Literally a place where coal might be ‘got’.
dates 1641 1653 1683 1685 1699 1727

spellings botchcollock
A pail or bucket, usually made of wood, and listed in inventories with other ‘wood vessel’.
dates 1315 1337 1391 1419 1444 1549 1588 1609

A traditional dish in which fried eggs were eaten with bacon, ham, or other meat.
dates 1721 1786

The day before Shrove Tuesday, on which the customary dish was collops, that is rashers of bacon or other meat.
dates 1613 1627 1797

As a verb this was to present something in its most favourable light, with the pejorative implication that the true picture was being disguised.

This is a dale in Mashamshire and the place-name is on record from the twelfth century.
dates 1333

spellings coultrough
The OED has ‘cool-trough’, first recorded in 1777 in a context where the meaning is clearly the same as that of the ‘coultrough’ used in the Sheffield smithies.
places Sheffield
dates 1542 1689

spellings comb stock
Formerly, when cloth-making was not mechanised, the wool-comb was a toothed implement employed in the preparation of wool for spinning.
dates 1588 1617 1709

spellings combsmith
The OED has references for combmaker from c.1450 but none for combsmith although the latter is on record quite frequently from the fourteeenth century.
dates 1393-1392 1427 1445 1450-1500 1659 1699 1700 1706 1736

To come by or acquire.
places Flockton
dates 1699

A sweetmeat, made of some fruit preserved with sugar.

Of or belonging to the community, an adjective in frequent use in earlier centuries when ordinary people’s lives were controlled by the parish, township and manor.
dates 1505 1554 1588 1605 1632 1676

Days of obligatory labour on those highways for which a township was responsible.
dates 1566 1647 1708 1786

A herdsman who worked on behalf of the community, a practice on record in Wakefield manor from the fourteenth century.
dates 1516 1536 1563 1673

A partner, an obsolete usage.

A conical stone; a feature on bridge parapets.
places Kettlewell
dates 1687

A rabbit burrow or warren.
dates 1603 1665 1727

In the original spelling the two elements were ‘coning-earth’.
dates 1499 1534 1549

A net with which to snare rabbits.
dates 1578 1612

A rabbit pelt.
dates 1582

A vessel used for cooling the wort in brewing.
places Ripley
dates 1578

spellings culm
Usually said to mean soot or coal-dust, and ‘smithy coom’ referred to the hard granular soot that forms over a smith’s fire.
places Halifax
dates 1521-1522

A dry measure of capacity, equal to four bushels.
places Pontefract
dates 1555

The specialist woodworker who made barrels, casks and tubs.
dates 1272 1297 1424-1425 1564 1638

Of an animal, having a high tapering head, possibly with a tuft of hair.
places Conistone
dates 1688

A frequent early spelling of ‘cup’, often an ornamental vessel with a cover.
dates 1486 1558

There are varying definitions: it was ‘that part of a waggon which hangs over the thiller-horse’ according to Halliwell, but the moveable frame attached to the fore part of a cart in the OED.
places Ripon
dates 1583

A diminutive of ‘cop’, meaning head, used as a cow’s name.
places Conistone
dates 1685 1700

A vessel made of copper, noted first in connection with brewing and then later with the preparation of food or boiling laundry.
dates 1540 1668 1680 1755

A word commonly used in Yorkshire for ferrous sulphate, also called ‘green copperas’ or ‘green vitriol’.
dates 1463 1577 1616 1663

A reel of yarn spun upon a spindle (EDD).
dates 1637 1698

Considered to be a form of coppice or copse, that is a small wood or thicket cut at regular intervals as a source of underwood.
dates 1307 1499 1524 1572-1573 1704

spellings corbo
A piece of cloth, probably from ‘corbeau’, that is crow-black.
dates 1813

The noun was used as a measure of wood prepared for the wood collier and may have been so called originally because it was measured with a cord (OED).
places Eshton Tong Esholt
dates 1572-1575 1675 1763

spellings cording
Cord or rope had a variety of industrial uses, and references in colliery records are frequent.
dates 1716 1732 1750 1761 1763

spellings cordwainer
A shoemaker or worker in cordovan leather.
dates 1260 1272 1476 1589 1602 1627 1657

A spelling of cordwain, that is ‘of Cordova’, referring to Spanish leather which was originally made from goat-skins.
places Selby
dates 1689 1698

Wood stacked in cords or piles, intended as fuel for the wood collier.
dates 1572-1575 1638-1639 1672 1766

A basket, used in mining to move coal from underground to the surface.
dates 1616 1694 1707 1708 1754 1787 1840

Probably shoes with a cork sole.

A person 'driving' corn, that is one who acted as a middleman, buying corn where it was produced and transporting it to market retailers.
dates 1551 1589

spellings quoin
The OED has ‘corner-stone’ as an alternative for ‘quoin’ with examples from 1382 and 1557.
dates 1446-1447 1688 1719 1786

spellings cornish
Alternative spellings of a building term with a long history in Italy. It referred to ornamental mouldings.
dates 1621 1682 1724 1836

spellings corporax
A cloth, of linen, velvet or other material, on which the consecrated elements were placed during the celebration of mass, and which was then used as a cover. They were usually conserved in a case.
dates 1498 1524 1544 1558

A ribbon of silk or other material which served as a ground for ornamentation of a girdle, with embroidery or metalwork (OED).
places Adel Leeds
dates 1543 1549

A customary gift to the minister, made by a dying person and written into his will, often a cherished item.
dates 1393 1429 1488 1551

A piece of armour which protected the body. A muster roll records the possession of such a piece.
places Dalton Dewsbury
dates 1586 1591 1637

A hanging, for a bed or the walls of a room.
dates 1381 1423 1458

A container or vessel, particularly for liquids.
dates 1313-1314 1454 1582

It has several meanings, all associated with small buildings.
dates 1310-1311 1573 1595 1625 1687 1739

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