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An alternative for slaymaker, a rare term, noted in the North Riding.
places Yearsley
dates 1633

spellings sleit
Alternative spellings of ‘slate’, that is to set a dog at an animal, especially at sheep and cattle.
dates 1555 1665 1680

A regional alternative of slake, that is to reduce lime to a soft white powder by the action of water.
dates 1519 1581 1697

A sledge, used to transport a variety of heavy goods, not just in winter but at all times of the year, especially in places where wheeled vehicles with loads were impractical.
dates 1400 1409 1434 1450 1454 1506 1540 1555 1570 1616 1657 1713 1715 1748 1814

An occupational term in York for labourers who transported goods by sled, distinct from porters.
places York Hull
dates 1402 1469 1476 1519 1528

A strong beam used in the construction of bridges, houses, mills etc.
dates 1733 1756 1786 1817

An item of attire to cover the arm. It was not attached to a gown or coat and could be worn with a variety of garments.
dates 1335 1544 1559 1565

A kitchen utensil although the word has a wide range of meanings.
places Lepton
dates 1644

Noted in a hill farm inventory, possibly a type of sledge, the runners of a sledge, or ‘sliders’, that is planks used for moving heavy objects (EDD).
places Holmfirth
dates 1743

A mathematical measuring instrument.
places Bradford
dates 1698

An obscure term. It is found in contexts which fail to clarify the meaning but was possibly a yoke slung across a person’s shoulders which made it possible to carry heavy loads.
places South Cave Lund
dates 1596 1681

A narrow piece of land.
dates 1812 1834

To take a slip or cutting from a tree for the purpose of propagation.
places Addingham
dates 1778

A skein or hank of yarn.
places Pontefract
dates 1725

Used of deals ‘a full half inch thick’, in contrast to whole deals which were ‘one inch and a quarter thick’ (OED).
places Ripon Selby
dates 1673 1689

An occasional late term for one who operated a slitting mill.
places Wadsley
dates 1849

In these mills, flat bars of iron were formed into plates between rollers and then passed between grooved rolls or ‘slitters’ to produce rod iron for nail-making.
dates 1665 1676 1678 1738

A verb meaning to cleave or cut.
places Brandsby
dates 1617

The verb meant to slip on a garment such as a hood.
dates 1518 1558

A rare word, recorded just once in the OED. It may have been a riven oak or ash pole.
places Thurstonland
dates 1793

Slushy, miry, muddy.
places Northowram
dates 1683

Of uncertain meaning.
dates 1593 1624

The blackthorn, a word on record from the Old English period.
places Methley
dates 1377

A type of loose-fitting garment, breeches, mantle, or more usually over hose.
dates 1520 1542 1566 1574 1582 1593

A bar or bolt for securing a door, often of iron.
places York Brandsby Lund
dates 1368 1485 1537 1619 1681

In coal-mining vocabulary this was used as a verb, meaning to scour a water channel or clear the sludge from it.
dates 1693 1702 1765

This was in effect a small bridge, built into the raised embankment of a causey so that flood waters might flow through and not accumulate around the bridge approaches.

Small or narrow yarn.
places Hull
dates 1453

To melt ore in order to extract the metal.
dates 1446-1458 1543

A workman who smelts ore.
dates 1377 1455 1580 1688 1721

spellings smelt-mill smelting-mill
Places where ore was smelted.
dates 1446-1458 1669 1688 1721

Probably an outbreak of black shale (EDD).
places Colsterdale
dates 1714

A mark on the fleece of a sheep which identified the owner, a necessary practice where livestock from different farms or different townships used the same pasture grounds.
dates 1579 1593 1632

This common occupational term has had a range of related meanings over the centuries which includes farriers, marshals and ore-smelters.
places Beverley
dates 1596

spellings smithy place
The word ‘smithy’ was used for the forge or workshop of a blacksmith but iron works on a larger scale were being called ‘smithies’, from the early 1400s at least.
dates 1387 1425 1432 1450 1482 1507 1538 1557 1573 1598 1621

In general, the ‘smithy’ is thought of as the workplace of a blacksmith, a village forge.
dates 1384-1385 1440 1498 1610 1615 1677

A frequent word in the wills and inventories of cutlers, which covers the range of implements and tools that one would expect to find in a smithy, such as bellows, hammers, stithies, tongs and vices.
places Sheffield
dates 1542 1557

Not a farrier or shoeing-smith but a man who worked in a ‘smithies’ or had an iron works.
dates 1379 1417 1562

A rare alternative to ‘smithy place’.
dates 1387 1454 1486

Possibly a payment linked with the right to have a fire.
dates 1309 1686

A dialect word for a hole at the base of a wall or hedge. It allowed animals to pass from one enclosure to another, from hares to sheep, and differed from a ‘gap’ which was a much larger opening, either purpose made or the result of neglect, one that people and carts might pass through.
dates 1572 1642

An iron with a flat face for smoothing linen, etc.
dates 1613 1628 1637

A maker of smoothing-irons.
places Sheffield
dates 1654 1656 1767

A spelling of ‘smother’ which captures the dialect pronunciation.
places Leeds
dates 1597

A dialect spelling of ‘smoothing iron’, that is an early type of flat iron.
places Selby
dates 1655

An obsolete word for sharp, strong, severe.
dates 1313 1333

spellings snathing axe
To ‘snathe’ was to cut off twigs and branches.
dates 1570 1642

The EDD has several late examples of ‘sneck’ where the reference is to a small piece of land jutting into a neighbouring field; an irregular projection in the boundary line.

Most commonly the iron latch on a door.
dates 1409 1419 1443 1534 1538-1539 1615 1673 1701

spellings snittle
A snare or gin, for trapping hares in particular, and used as a synonym of hare-pipe. It was made of wire, a loop with a running knot.
dates 1673 1677

spellings snag
Possibly 'to chop' or 'to lop off branches'.
dates 1339 1608 1720 1765

A narrow access which allowed people to slip from one part of the house to another.
dates 1738

A white mark down the face of a horse.
dates 1531 1588 1614 1626 1631

Noted in connection with carts and wains but of uncertain meaning. It was probably a projecting attachment at the front end.
dates 1671 1677

To show disdain or disagreement by ‘snuffing’, that is drawing in air through the nostrils (OED). Wright has ‘to snub’ (EDD).
places Almondbury
dates 1651

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