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spellings tydy
The chief current uses, that is orderly, neat, etc. are on record only from the opening years of the eighteenth century, and earlier meanings are: timely, in good condition, well-favoured, of good character.
dates 1379 1486

A kind of gauze, a thin transparent material, silk, muslin or lawn.
dates 1557 1637 1674

spellings tile kiln
Places where bricks or tiles were made and stored.
places Selby Clifton
dates 1414 1421 1703

According to Salzman, tiles and stone slates were hung in the same manner, using wooden pegs driven into holes near the top edge and secured behind the laths (SZ1/233).
places York
dates 1358

A piece of broken tile.
places London
dates 1370

The workman responsible for operating a tilt-hammer or mill.
places Sheffield
dates 1743

Arable land under cultivation. The possession of a certaion amount was an indication of status and responsibility.
places Leeds
dates 1598

spellings tilt mill
Ultimately ‘tilt’ has its origin in a word that meant to overthrow or overturn, made familiar to us by scenes of combat in which mounted knights sought to unhorse their opponents. In iron working it was the name given to a heavy hammer used in forges: this was fixed on a pivot and acted upon by a cam-wheel which alternately tilted the hammer up and then let it drop (OED).
dates 1733 1734 1750 1761

Wood suitable for major building projects, that is houses, mills, ships, etc, sometimes called great timber or timber trees.
dates 1275 1313-1314 1557 1565 1609 1619-1621 1711 1722

A word used in the fur trade for a bundle of forty skins. It is thought that they were originally packed flat between thin boards.
places Hull York
dates 1453 1466-1467 1582

Articles made of timber.
places York Halifax
dates 1479 1535

The projecting sharp point of a weapon or implement, such as a fork or harrow.
dates 1504 1582 1648

A very small kind of nail; the smallest size of tack (OED).
places York Hipperholme
dates 1286 1415 1543-1544

The regional form of tinker, an itinerant metal-worker.
dates 1314 1446 1520 1542 1579 1681

spellings tinner tin worker
A worker specialising in making tin items.
places Sheffield York
dates 1625 1731 1738 1741 1771

A rare word, recorded also in co. Durham in 1381-2 (OED). Possibly a nail made of tin but more probably a nail for securing pieces of tin.
places Ripon
dates 1396-1397

A regional word for brushwood, used as a fencing material.
dates 1436 1440 1473-1474 1518-1519 1593

Used of satin or other fabrics which were made to sparkle by the interweaving of gold or silver thread.
dates 1558 1568


spellings tip house
A reference to the tips of horn which were used by Sheffield cutlers, chiefly for knife handles and buttons; the tip house was where they were stored.
places Sheffield
dates 1681 1724

A cape or short cloak, or a garment to cover the neck and shoulders. It could also refer to slips of cloth hanging from a hood or head-dress.
dates 1486 1498 1537 1559

A tavern keeper.
places York New Malton
dates 1521 1527 1590 1610

An ale-house or tavern.
dates 1589 1596 1606

spellings tiresmith
Tire is probably an abbreviated spelling of ‘attire’ which had meanings such as ‘dress’, ‘outfit’ or ‘equipment’. By the fifteenth century it was being used of the metal rim of a wooden wheel.
dates 1277 1448 1485 1597 1727

A revolving piece of mechanism such as a wheel or turnstile.
dates 1379 1665 1734

spellings turl-bed
A kind of truckle-bed.
dates 1661 1700

A fine, rich material, often interwoven with gold or silver.
dates 1430 1463 1500-1510 1542 1565


Originally a small horse but possibly used here pejoratively.
places Normanton
dates 1608

A small size of stockfish, imported into Hull.
places Hull
dates 1453 1471

spellings toasting-iron
An alternative word for toasting-fork.
dates 1588 1658 1677 1721

A rare occupational word, for preparers and dealers in tobacco.
places York
dates 1716


Originally a bundle or pack of wool and then used as a measure.
dates 1714

A lean-to, shed or penthouse.
dates 1416-1417 1446 1450 1538-1539

As a preposition this could be 'in front of'.
places York
dates 1476 1504

spellings toftstead
A very common place-name element, originally a homestead or dwelling-house.
dates 1314-1321 1524 1555 1578-1579 1587 1609 1653

A regional alternative for ‘tomorrow’.
places York
dates 1482 1522

A word which goes back to Old English with no real change in meaning. These were the tools which made the moving and handling of heated iron possible and in most smithies there would be a range of such implements: they were an essential part of ‘smithy gear’.
places York Normanton
dates 1374 1423 1545

A large cask or barrel for wine or other commodities (OED).
places York Ripley Tong
dates 1380 1423 1578 1694

spellings tun-tight
A measure of capacity, based on the contents of the ‘ton’, a cask for holding wine or some dry goods.
places York Hull
dates 1415 1470 1472 1489-1490 1495

One who draws or extracts teeth, a dentist.
places Beverley York
dates 1414 1422

An instrument for picking the teeth, often of wood but here of silver.
places Richmond
dates 1558


As a verb this was to cut off the top branches of a growing tree. It was often linked with ‘to lop’ and the severed branches were called lops and tops.
dates 1543 1558 1581 1618 1738

The fore-lock of an animal, used as a name, especially for oxen.
dates 1558 1584

A minor place-name, could mean either 'top pit' or 'the orepit' in local pronunciation.

A regional version of 'topple-tail', a somersault, used by Adam Eyre to describe a riding accident.
places Thurlstone
dates 1647

This was a material popular with cutlers for making the hafts of knives, and since it is mentioned in the earliest surviving inventories its use is likely to have a longer history.
places Sheffield
dates 1692

An official mark or stamp upon gold or silver which indicates that it has been tested, used as a noun or verb.
dates 1420 1443 1561

spellings touchstone
A fine-grained variety of quartz or jasper which can be used to test the quality of gold and silver alloys. The determining factor is the colour of the mark made when they are rubbed on the stone.
places Ripon Sheffield
dates 1485 1713

spellings flax box
A box for priming powder.
dates 1564 1592 1599 1610 1611

A by-name of uncertain meaning.
places Normanby Howden
dates 1323 1379


The fibre of flax, hemp or jute prepared for spinning.
dates 1558 1562 1570 1629 1668

Willing, apt to learn, disposed to do what is required.
places Brimham
dates 1529

A path by the side of a waterway, predating the canal system.
places Snaith
dates 1442

A rope by which something can be towed, particularly a boat.
dates 1680 1693

Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0