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A game for young people, noted by Halliwell in 1655 but occurring regularly in Yorkshire records.
dates 1606 1619 1623

Tithes, a rare alternative to 'teinds'.
places Halsham
dates 1482

Evidently iron forceps or tongs, from the Latin word.
places York Sewerby
dates 1392 1399 1468

To watch over, take care of.
dates 1556 1570 1615 1654

A count of ten, used when calculating pay for piece work for mineworkers.
places Leeds
dates 1780

The tenter was a simple wooden structure on which cloth was stretched after the fulling process, and it consisted of posts and two bars, the upper and the lower.
dates 1250 1322 1506 1562 1575 1648 1651 1653 1686 1727

One of the hooked or right-angled nails set in rows along the upper and lower bars of the tenter frame.
places York Ripon Sowerby
dates 1490 1526 1543-1544 1673 1728

The verb ‘to tent’ is a northern form of ‘tend’ and it could mean ‘to attend to’ or ‘look after’.
places Handsworth
dates 1735

A canopy over a bed, either suspended from the ceiling or supported on the posts.
dates 1377 1470 1490 1542 1695

To make fast with a tether.
dates 1556 1580 1590 1642


To tan, a variant spelling of ‘taw’, with examples in the OED from c.1440.
dates 1310 1395 1488 1567 1582 1642 1695

This refers to a nozzle through which a blast of air is forced into a forge or furnace.
dates 1558 1570 1592 1608

spellings thack tile
‘Thack’ was until recently a common word in parts of Yorkshire for ‘roof’, and despite its obvious links to the word ‘thatch’ it could refer to roofs made of slatestones, tiles or shingles.
places York Beverley
dates 1364 1404 1447 1519

Salzman considered that these were not wooden tiles or shingles, but boards which were laid across the roof in readiness for thatching, or perhaps tiling, but the evidence is not conclusive.
places York Ripon
dates 1327 1354-1355 1377 1479

spellings thackster
A roofer.
dates 1467 1570

Stone slates for roofing.
dates 1314 1416 1442 1495

To roof a building, no doubt with thatch originally but also from an early date with stone.
dates 1399-1400 1429 1509 1573 1787

spellings theakster
A roofer.
dates 1335 1379 1412 1537 1610 1658

A small rake used by thatchers.
dates 1606 1642

An instrument of punishment, often for women, evidently one on which a person might be carried.
places New Malton York
dates 1450 1575

spellings thiple
Usually a smooth wooden stick with which to stir porridge.
places Bingley
dates 1618

In place-names, for dense tree growth.
places Littondale Selby
dates 1277 1300 1421 1472 1579 1681

A game in which the player has several thimbles and the challenger has to identify which one masks the button, played illegally for money on this occasion.
places Kirkburton
dates 1717-1718

spellings rib
An Old English word meaning ‘hole’ or ‘aperture’, linked etymologically with ‘through’: as a verb it meant ‘to make a hole’.
dates 1486 1711 1833

A local standard for grain.
places Brandsby
dates 1617

An adze, the usual word in Yorkshire, first noted in a cooper’s will.
dates 1400 1505 1535 1542 1570 1628

Usually a reference to the hawthorn.
dates 1200-1299 1490 1556 1579

The common ray or skate, so called because it has sharp spines along the back and tail.
places Hull
dates 1453

Probably nails bought from the nail-makers in Thornhill near Dewsbury.
places York
dates 1539 1542-1543

As a verb, similar in meaning and use to the French ‘tutoyer’, that is to address a person as ‘thou’.
places York
dates 1541

spellings threave
A measure of corn or hay, although the number of sheaves varied in different localities.
dates 1298-1299 1351 1446 1552 1576 1588

The material or fibre of which a garment or accessory is made.
places York
dates 1402

In this case ‘to insist forcefully’.
dates 1200-1299 1515 1609

spellings thrinter
Contractions of ‘three winter’, used of animals such as sheep and cattle which were three winters old.
dates 1446-1458 1466-1467 1564

As an adjective, crowded, busy or engaged.
dates 1620 1677 1704 1705 1774

The song thrush.
dates 1301 1306 1556 1632

spellings through stone
These words are now met with frequently in accounts of dry-stone walling but they are on record in mason work from a very early date. A ‘through-stone’ extended through the thickness of a wall, and a certain number were considered essential for its stability.
dates 1400 1419 1602 1648 1755 1793

spellings through stone
A horizontal grave-stone, sometimes supported on pillars.
dates 1507 1521 1542 1557 1581

Probably a joist running the full length of a floor.
places York
dates 1335 1433 1543-1544

To turn on a lathe.
dates 1490 1499 1547 1568 1617 1663

This was a noun used of objects found in cutlers’ smithies.
places Sheffield
dates 1699

spellings throw down throw up
The OED has ‘throw’ as a word for a fault, ‘a dislocation in a vein or stratum in which the part on one side of the fracture is displaced up or down’.
dates 1760 1761 1779

This described actions designed to stop a coal-pit from operating, probably by blocking the shaft with debris.
dates 1698 1721 1777

The unwoven ends of the warp threads; short pieces or remnants of thread or yarn. In some sources thrums are referred to as ‘waste’ but they had many uses and a clear market value.
dates 1338 1401 1453 1540 1559 1576 1628 1668 1690 1700 1760

A dialect spelling of threshed.
places Holmfirth
dates 1700

The thurible was a vessel in which incense was burnt, and it was in the keeping of an acolyte.
places Ripon Beverley
dates 1504 1535 1546

spellings quart saw whart saw overthwart saw
A saw used for sawing across pieces of timber, a cross-cut saw.
dates 1544 1561 1576 1578 1613-1614 1614 1637 1671

A knife.
places Bradford York
dates 1354 1374

A strong linen or cotton material commonly used for linings, pillow cases, covers, mattresses, etc.
dates 1467 1521 1542 1591 1655

The material of which bed-ticks were made.
dates 1621 1675 1693

Ticklish, in the sense of awkward or difficult.
dates 1853

A special day in the calendar, marking a fair or anniversary.
dates 1584 1647 1658 1710

spellings tide-waiter
A customs official who awaited the arrival of ships as they came in with the tide and then boarded them to prevent evasion of custom house dues.
places Hull Sculcoates
dates 1668 1701 1710 1759 1822

Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0