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A regional term for a stream of no great size. It occurred commonly as the name of hillside becks, especially those which defined boundaries.
dates 1275 1291 1309 1352 1490 1502 1574 1612 1635

An alternative of cruck.
places Catterick
dates 1422

A variant spelling of ceiling or seiling.
places Knaresborough
dates 1565

A word applied from the seventeenth century to a type of material, generally silk taffeta (OED).
places Babthorpe
dates 1655

As a verb this could mean ‘to provide board’, a sense recorded in the OED from the fifteenth century.
dates 1577 1633 1640 1656-1657 1672

A mason’s word for a horizontal piece of stone.
places Almondbury
dates 1618

A boarder.
places Keighley Sowerby
dates 1707 1722

spellings tablemen
The game of backgammon (OED) but possibly used more widely for other board games.
dates 1453 1472 1485 1490 1568 1607-1608 1619

A clasp or buckle, used to attach two parts of a garment.
dates 1532 1535 1542 1558

A lease or tenancy.
dates 1510 1547

A small, sharp-pointed metal nail.
places York
dates 1504

A very small metal nail, a diminutive of tack.
dates 1276 1311-1312 1413-1414 1526-1527

A name given to various fabrics, often a bright lustrous material, usually silk.
dates 1378 1392 1567 1568 1612 1621


spellings tack
The tip of an animal’s tail, especially a white tip.
dates 1275 1515 1543 1558 1617 1652

spellings tagtailed tacked
Used regularly to describe a bovine animal with a white-tipped tail.
dates 1458 1540 1544 1556 1558 1588 1610 1616 1707

spellings taggled
Used as a name for a bovine animal with a white tail.
dates 1412 1588 1670 1707

Regional for take care of.
places Skipton
dates 1690

spellings tallow cake
Tallow is the fat of an animal, especially the fat around the kidneys and liver of sheep and oxen from which suet was rendered.
dates 1510 1567 1619 1642 1654 1660 1669 1725 1798

spellings tally board tally stick
A piece of wood on which notches, numbers or letters might be incised in order to keep an account of debts, payments or work done. In some cases identical tallies were kept by each party to an agreement.
dates 1638 1728

A fine cloth woven with a worsted weft and cotton warp, dyed fancy colours and having a glazed finish.
dates 1619 1693 1724 1783 1785

A spelling of ‘taken’ which represents the dialect pronunciation.
dates 1533 1550

From an Old Norse word which meant ‘point’ which could be applied to ‘points’ or spits of land in place-names, for example Tang (Felliscliffe) and Tang Hall (Osbaldwick). In connection with cutlery it referred to the metal extension by which a blade is fitted into its handle, and in this sense it is on record from the fifteenth century.
dates 1483

The building in which tanning is carried on.
dates 1574 1626

This term dates back to the late Middle Ages when tanneries were mostly located in the great towns or cities and tanners operated within the guild system.
places York Beverley
dates 1476 1539 1596

For Anthony. 'Tant' was the colloquial pet-form of Anthony, certainly in the Sheffield area and in this case it was probably a name for the inmates of an alms-house dedicated to St Anthony.
dates 1515

The yard attached to a tannery, where the tan-pits were located. It was sometimes used of the tannery itself.
dates 1673 1709 1860

A piece of figured cloth which could serve as a hanging, a carpet or a table-cover.
dates 1280 1287-1288 1342 1375 1391 1485

The contexts suggest that these were candles, possibly tapers.
places York
dates 1527-1528 1545-1546


A dark, viscous liquid which consists mainly of hydrocarbons, produced by the destructive distillation of materials such as wood, coal and peat. It was much used by shepherds.
dates 1291-1292 1530 1579 1617 1627 1642 1678 1686

A length of tarred rope or string.
places Tong
dates 1762

A rich material, apparently of silk, which was imported from the east, probably from China through Tartary.
places York
dates 1388 1421 1444

The phrase ‘by task’ was a reference to piece-work, and in c.1570 John Kaye wrote owt with thy plowghe Lett taskers thresh more strawe (KayeCP). Employers would take on men at such rates under certain conditions.
dates 1341 1379 1544 1570 1690

A term used in the fur trade, said to refer originally to the boards between which skins were packed.
places York
dates 1500 1582

Used as a verb, to do with sub-letting property and was seen as an offence in most places.
dates 1365 1400-1499 1453 1511 1551 1600


The process by which skins are converted into leather by steeping them in a solution of alum and salt.
dates 1394 1500 1713

spellings tawny
Initially a colour which is described as ‘brown, with a preponderance of yellow or orange’ (OED). It came to be used frequently of cloth which had that colour.
dates 1341 1395 1493-1494 1504 1517 1526 1537

A foolish or slatternly woman.
places Scotland Leeds
dates 1588 1728

Part of the gear by which oxen or horses were attached to a plough or wain, the harness and chains.
dates 1481 1485 1544 1561 1634

Of the best quality, fine, delicate, used especially of hemp.
dates 1532 1558 1637 1668

A plant, the heads of which have hooked prickles.
places Hull Kendal
dates 1461 1562


To spread or scatter new-mown grass so that it might dry more easily.
dates 1537 1570

To make empty.
dates 1642 1703 1755


A doe, or female deer in its second year.
dates 1607

In parts of the north the tithe was commonly known as the ‘teind’, a collateral form of ‘tenth’.
dates 1444 1472 1511 1521 1642

spellings teind-lathe
Regional words for tithe-barn.
dates 1327 1379 1426 1510 1522 1527 1584 1693

spellings teylde
Linen for a ship’s awning.
places Hull Wakefield
dates 1453 1463 1549

To ‘temper’ metal is to bring it to a suitable degree of hardness by heating, sudden cooling, and reheating.
dates 1716

spellings templewand
‘Temple’ was a word for the long wands, probably of hazel, which were used to hold down the thatch on a roof (EDD).
dates 1284 1432 1446 1446-1458

A contrivance for keeping cloth stretched to its proper width in the loom during weaving.
places South Cave
dates 1611

An ornament of jewellery or needlework, formerly worn by ladies on both sides of the forehead.
places York Hull
dates 1429 1459

A sieve, especially one for bolting meal.
dates 1377 1535 1598 1622 1626 1642 1674 1739

spellings temse-loaf
Bread made from the best bolted flour.
dates 1601 1642 1683

A maker of temses, that is sieves.
dates 1584 1596 1657

Photo by Kreuzschnabel CC BY-SA 3.0