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A keyed musical instrument, similar to a spinet but in a case without legs; commonly in the plural.
dates 1558 1562 1658

Now a wicker-work clothes basket but formerly a wooden or metal basket or tray used for removing or ‘voiding’ dirty dishes or food from the table after a meal.
dates 1548 1571 1621 1655

spellings vasser vauser
This French word is found from 1359-60 in building accounts, mostly in connection with churches where it was used for the shaped vault stones of an arch. It must also have been used of arches in bridge building but is not recorded in that sense in the OED until 1739.
dates 1579 1648 1747

A woman who has taken a vow of chastity, used especially of a lady who made such a vow after her husband's death.
places Winestead
dates 1527

Probably a spelling of advowson, influenced by 'avoid'.
places Ryther
dates 1527

A dealer in woad, the blue dye-stuff obtained from a plant found originally in central and southern Europe.
places York
dates 1185 1274

A vat to hold the dye-stuff.
places Heptonstall
dates 1533

A servant or tradesman responsible for making wafers.
places Emley York Hedon
dates 1296 1348 1373

An implement for baking wafers which consisted of two hinged iron blades between the ends of which the paste is held.
places Leeds Chevet
dates 1463 1528

A strong four-wheeled vehicle, used for the transport of heavy goods.
dates 1681 1764

spellings wagon-way
These were names given to artificial colliery roads, designed to allow horses to draw heavy loads more easily. They were made of rails, originally of wood but then of iron, laid on timber sleepers and they were in use in Yorkshire collieries from the eighteenth century.
dates 1745 1758 1772 1779 1784 1803

A piece of property found ownerless, especially an animal that had strayed. If unclaimed within a fixed period, and after due notice given, it fell to the lord of the manor.
dates 1546 1612 1687

spellings wainmeet wainworth
Profit, advantage or gain.
places Wighill Whitby
dates 1499 1609

A narrow, long-bodied vehicle, with either two or four wheels, drawn by horses or oxen and capable of carrying heavy loads.
dates 1609 1616 1642 1653

Used as a verb, to transport by wain.
dates 1570 1659

The connection here is with ‘gain’ not ‘wagon’, that is the profits of agriculture.
places Bolton Priory
dates 1299-1300 1324-1325

A right granted to tenants which allowed them to take wood for making or repairing their carts and wains.
places Whitley
dates 1587

A metal plate nailed to those parts of carts and wains that were subject to wear and tear.
dates 1405 1457 1504 1580

spellings wain-road wain-way
Rights of way reserved for use by wains.
dates 1312 1516 1616 1683 1690

A shed or other building where wains were kept when not in use.
dates 1570 1579 1648

A domestic servant.
places York
dates 1348

The rope used for securing the load on a wain.
dates 1377-1378 1599 1620 1631 1644

A superior quality of foreign oak wood, put to a wide range of uses.
dates 1358 1371 1409 1452 1486 1525 1558 1607

The wait was originally a watchman.
dates 1241 1301 1364 1379 1432-1434 1486 1529 1556 1641 1720 1762 1782 1785

A state of wakefulness, a vigil by a corpse or, as a verb, to watch over a corpse.
dates 1542 1558 1740

A division of a forest, the area that one keeper might perambulate or oversee on foot.
dates 1542 1609 1622

In the period when cock-fighting flourished it was customary for the birds to be placed in the care of tenants. The practice was referred to as ‘walking’ the cocks and it became part of tenancy agreements.
dates 1576 1718 1728

To full cloth, originally by trampling it under the feet.
dates 1484 1504 1642

A fulling-miller, the person who originally ‘walked’ or trampled the cloth, a regional term.
dates 1301 1349 1379 1436 1484 1506 1540

Used by clothiers.
dates 1499 1549 1592 1620

A staff or walking-stick.
dates 1593 1612 1623 1710

The regional word for a fulling-mill.
dates 1350 1359 1379 1488 1519 1586

A bag for holding provisions, or items taken on a journey.
dates 1570 1670 1734

Used generally of a horse with both eyes excessively light-coloured, or with different-coloured eyes.
dates 1618 1631

A hammer used by dry-stone wallers for dressing stones. It varies in appearance from region to region but in Yorkshire has one square end and one more or less pointed.
places Holmfirth
dates 1704

A horizontal timber, supported by a wall or by posts, which in turn supported the timbering of the roof.
dates 1420 1537 1538 1615 1642

The word ‘brick’ came into use quite late but ‘wall tile’ had the same meaning.
places York Selby
dates 1358 1399 1441-1442

The nut of the walnut tree, a delicacy enjoyed by the wealthy and privileges.
places Whitby
dates 1395

This is found in east Yorkshire as a measure of meadow land: it may have developed there from ‘yardwand’ or as a variant of ‘wang’, under the influence of ‘wandale’.
dates 1583 1596 1723

A pliant shoot or sapling used in basket-making, wattle work, etc. They were commonly of willow and hazel and would occur naturally, but the evidence suggests that they were also deliberately cultivated, in riverside locations or in reserved woods.
dates 1120-1147 1318 1364 1399-1400 1446 1558 1598 1609 1623 1750

A division of land, possibly the breadth of a 'wand' or perch.
dates 1590

spellings wand hagger
The wand hagg was a wood or part of a wood set aside for the production of wands, which had a wide variety of uses in the past.
dates 1297 1505 1538-1539 1642 1770

spellings wong
Usually found as a minor place-name element, mostly in the southern part of the West Riding.
places Thorpe Salvin

To be lacking or missing.
dates 1472 1662

spellings wanty
A rope or leather band used to secure the load on a pack horse.
dates 1377-1378 1395 1416-1417 1504 1585 1676


A regional word for ‘to fold’, or to make a careless bundle (EDD).
places York
dates 1484

The ‘wapentakes’ were formerly the subdivisions of the three Yorkshire Ridings, districts which were equivalent to the ‘hundreds’ in most parts of England. The word is of Old Norse origin and it reflects Danish influence in the county in the centuries before the Norman Conquest. Wapentake bridges were therefore bridges maintained at the expense of the Wapentake and not the Riding. The status of a bridge could change, for various reasons, and local interests could influence that.
places Pontefract
dates 1647-1648

Used as a suffix with various nouns to indicate a specified direction.
places York
dates 1417

This was an office within the Cutlers’ Company which was established after the Act of 1624.
places Sheffield
dates 1762

The warden was a variety of baking pear.
places Hemsworth
dates 1565

A word with an Old English origin, used as a collective singular term for items of merchandise or manufacture, goods or commodities.
dates 1479-1480 1546 1690-1739 1711 1737

Regional for 'worse'.
places Terrington
sources Cause Papers
dates 1553

To spend, lay out money.
dates 1417 1472 1545 1679

Corn sown in spring, especially barley and oats. These were considered less hardy than wheat and rye.
dates 1540 1548 1557 1620

The regional spelling of ‘work’.
dates 1503 1518-1519 1543 1568

For workday, often used of working attire, especially women’s.
dates 1523 1541 1598

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